Osztramos locality 3 (Pliocene of Hungary)

Also known as Ostramos 3

Where: Borsodabaujzemplen, Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Villanyian (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• MN17, Late Pliocene.


• 'The red clay sediment deposited in a cave formed by a cleft running northwest to southeast direction was blasted in 1971. At the time of palaeontological collections, in 1969 and 1970, the upper part of the profile, 10m high and 5-6m wide, was made up of yellowish sediment closed downwards by a calcite shelf, below which reddish brown sediment was found. The material was collected from 9 arbitrarily delimited (20-30cm wide) strata.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: The material was collected from 9 arbitrarily delimited (20-30cm wide) strata. Analysis by layers has not been carried out so far. The faunal list is primarily from layers 2 and 3.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35370: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 08.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
Apodemus sp. I-II
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allocricetus ehiki mouse
Allocricetus éhiki
Trilophomys cf. schaubi Fejfar 1961 mouse
Mimomys pusillus vole
Mimomys pusillis-reidi group
"Clethrionomys sebaldi" = Myodes vole
Lemmus aff. lemmus Linnaeus 1758 Norway lemming
Germanomys sp. Heller 1936 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Glis cf. sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana sp. Guldenstaedt 1777 Russian desman
Desmana sp. large
Talpa cf. fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex cf. praeminutus long-tailed shrew
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
Sorex sp. (araneus group)
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Crocidura cf. kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
Myotis sp. I-II
Myotis cf. dasycneme Boie 1825 vesper bat
Plecotus sp. Geoffroy 1818 vesper bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus cf. ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus euryale Blasius 1853 horseshoe bat
Rh. euryale group
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
(size of Vulpes)
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
Erinaceus sp. (size of europaeus)
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus strozzii pig
Sus strozzii group
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus philisi deer
Cervus philisi group