Dunaalmas Quarry IV (Pliocene of Hungary)

Also known as Dunaalmas 4, Dunaalmás VI, Dunaalmás 4

Where: Komaromesztergom, Hungary (47.7° N, 18.3° E: paleocoordinates 47.6° N, 18.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Villanyian (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Upper Villanyian (Tornan substage), MN17, Late Pliocene.


• In 1975 'the free northwestern profile of the quarry stood at a height of about 10m, with the lowermost 3m composed of freshwater limestone, followed by 1m of reddish-brown sandy and loessy fossil soil, and finally 5-6m of compact freshwater limestone.'
• '1m of reddish-brown sandy and loessy fossil soil.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• Approximately 1 metric ton of fossil soil was collected and washed, yielding 10 samples which have been combined in the faunal list. The fauna 'is unquestionably homogeneous because of its closure from below and above by freshwater limestone.'

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35373: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 08.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Allohippus stenonis
Allohippus stenonis group
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
ca. 600 specimens
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys cf. reidi vole
3 lower M1
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
2 forms - large species (4 molars), small species (27 molars)
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
Allohippus stenonis group
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Episoriculus gibberodon Petenyi 1864 red-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
Putorius size
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus philisi deer
Cervus philisi group, 8-10 specimens
aff. Eucladoceros senezensis deer
Cervus sp. (aff. Eucladoceros senezensis)
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry