Nagyharsanyhegy locality 2 (Pliocene to of Hungary)

Also known as Nagyharsányhegy 2

Where: Barany, Hungary (45.8° N, 18.4° E: paleocoordinates 45.7° N, 18.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• Late Pliocene, Betfian substage, MN17.


• 'the 'main locality' situated in the eastern quarry of the hill, which Kormos called the 'bone-brecciated pillar' and Kretzoi termed locality no. 2 of Nagyharsanyhegy. This residual pillar of the steeply slanted (and an angle of about 120-130 degrees), tectonically preformed karstic hollow embedded in Malm limestone has since been demolished, but its continuation in the present layer of the quarry contained enough material for the author and colleagues to obtain smaller collections from 1973 to 1975 (presently known as the 'artist colony quarry').'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Kormos collected there briefy in 1916, then Kretzoi and myself (Janossy) in 1953 and 1955 and the author and colleagues obtained smaller collections from 1973 to 1975.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35383: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 09.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
Aves indet. I-II
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
above 30,000 specimens
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Rhinocricetus ehiki mouse
R. éhiki
Mimomys fejervaryi vole
M. fejérváryi
Allophaiomys pliocaenicus Kormos 1932 vole
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
Cricetus cricetus cf. nanus
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Crocidura cf. kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
Chiroptera div. indet.
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursulus sp. Kretzoi 1954 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
Mustelidae indet. I-II
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes praeglacialis fox
Vulpes s.l. praeglacialis
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
Felidae indet. I-II
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
 Artiodactyla -
Ruminantia indet. ruminant
Ruminantia indet. I-II