Osztramos locality 2 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Where: Borsodabaujzemplen, Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Middle/Late Lower Pleistocene, similar age to Locality 8, between 1.5 and 1.0Ma.

•Locality 2 consisted of the filling of an enormous cave in the eastern portion of section XII of the quarry, 320 a.s.l. 'The profile of cave, filled entirely with red clay, was 20m long by 14m high at discovery. About 2.5-3.5m above the basement, two layers sloping towards the north were found to contain extreme accumulations of bones which we fully exploited and sedimented.'


• 'red clay.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• The cave in question was opened in 1965 and totally blasted in 1969.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35428: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 12.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The faunal list is from the lower layer, the few large mammal finds were from mixed, waste rock material.
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus capeki Lambrecht 1933 francolin
 Otidiformes - Otididae
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Circus aff. cyaneus Linnaeus 1766 hen harrier
Circus sp. (aff. cyaneus)
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
 Ophidia -
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ungaromys sp. Kormos 1932 mouse
Mimomys pusillus vole
Mimomys pusillus group
"Clethrionomys cf. glareolus" = Myodes vole
Lemmus sp. Link 1795 vole
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
Cricetus cricetus nanus
 Rodentia - Spalacidae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus (Colobotis) sp." = Spermophilus
"Citellus (Colobotis) sp." = Spermophilus Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Muscardinus cf. dacicus Kormos 1930 dormouse
Glis cf. sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
"Hypolagus" "beremendensis" Dice 1917 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa cf. fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sp. Linnaeus 1758 one-horned rhinoceros
Rhinoceros s. l. sp.
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
heavily built, sporadic finds, from another locality?
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex cf. margaritodon Kormos 1930 long-tailed shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Crocidura aff. kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus aff. etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Putorius sp." = Mustela (Putorius) Cuvier 1817 polecat
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
smaller than wolf.
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx sp. Kerr 1792 lynx
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
size of silvestris
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
2 species of Cervus s.l. - I = size of Rusa, 2 = Alces group.