Osztramos locality 8 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Where: Borsodabaujzemplen, Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Biharian, Middle/Late Lower Pleistocene, late Villafranchian. In the text it is dated to earlier than locality 2, on the evolutionary stage of Allophaiomys, but in the tables it is later. Both locality 2 and 8 date between 1.5-1.0Ma.

• 'This locality lied at the foot of the north-eastern wall of section XII of the quarry, about 50-60m north of Locality no. 2, in a portion of the quarry opened in November, 1970.'


• The horizontal cave, about 100m long, is situated at an elevation of about 305m. At the very end of the hollow system, red clay dug out of the cleft communicating with the cave was found to contain the locality no. 8 of vertebrate fossils.
• 'red clay'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Most of the cave was blasted in 1972 and then exploited.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35431: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 15.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Salientia -
 Caudata - Urodela
Urodela indet. salamander
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus capeki Lambrecht 1933 francolin
Lyrurus partium pheasant
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Asio aff. flammeus Pontoppidan 1763 short-eared owl
 Passeriformes - Hirundinidae
Hirundo cf. rustica Linnaeus 1758 barn swallow
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Ophidia -
 Squamata -
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys "newtoni" Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
11 lower M1
Mimomys pusillus vole
34 lower M1
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
9 lower M1, plus 380 other molars.
Allophaiomys pliocaenicus Kormos 1932 vole
34 lower M1, plus 200 other molars.
Lemmus sp. Link 1795 vole
13 molars
Lagurus arankae mouse
52 lower M1, plus 317 other molars.
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
Cricetus cricetus nanus
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus (Colobotis) sp." = Spermophilus
"Citellus (Colobotis) sp." = Spermophilus Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Glis cf. sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix major porcupine
Hystrix vinogradovi porcupine
Hystrix vinogradovi atavus
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana sp. Guldenstaedt 1777 Russian desman
(thermalis group)
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Drepanosorex margaritodon red-toothed shrew
Sorex cf. minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Soriculus sp. Blyth 1845 red-toothed shrew
Soriculus group
Neomys sp. Kaup 1829 water shrew
Crocidura aff. obtusa white-toothed shrew
Crocidura aff. kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis cf. schaubi vesper bat
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
Myotis cf. daubentoni Kuhl 1817 vesper bat
Myotis cf. dasycneme Boie 1825 vesper bat
Plecotus sp. Geoffroy 1818 vesper bat
Miniopterus sp. Bonaparte 1837 bend-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus sp. Lacépède 1799 horseshoe bat
two species (1 large,1 small)
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
large size
Meles aff. atavus badger
Meles sp. (aff. atavus)
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis aff. arnensis Del Campana 1913 canine
Canis sp. (aff. arnensis)
 Theriiformes -
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
large size
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Cervus s.l. 2 species. species 1 (Rusa group, 120 specimens), species 2 (Euctenoceros group, 2 specimens).
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry