Osztramos locality 14 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Where: Borsodabaujzemplen, Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Biharian, Middle/Late Lower Pleistocene, late Villafranchian, upper Betfian phase. Same date as localities 2 and 8, between 1.5 and 1.0Ma.


• 'A 20-30cm wide, vertical tectonical cleft, easily discernible on the wall of the quarry because of its red clay filling, was found on the northern wall of the quarry, about 15m west of the cleft comprising locality no. 1. The first cleft was found to be barren, but in 1972 we came across a small patch, very rich in bones..'
• 'red clay'

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35432: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 15.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Pliomys cf. episcopalis mouse
1 lower M1
Mimomys pusillus vole
M. pusillus group, 3 lower M1 and 5 other molars
Allophaiomys pliocaenicus Kormos 1932 vole
6 lower M1
Lagurus arankae mouse
Lagurus arankae-pannonicus group 22 lower M1 plus 16 other molars
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
Cricetus cricetus nanus, ca. 300 specimens
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus (Colobotis) sp." = Spermophilus
"Citellus (Colobotis) sp." = Spermophilus Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Glis sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
cf. Hypolagus sp. Dice 1917 rabbit
Leporidae (cf. Hypolagus sp.)
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa cf. fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Episoriculus sp. Ellerman and Morrison-Scott 1951 red-toothed shrew
Crocidura aff. obtusa white-toothed shrew
Crocidura aff. kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Theriiformes -
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry