Nagyharsanyhegy locality 4 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Nagyharsányhegy 4

Where: Barany, Hungary (45.8° N, 18.4° E: paleocoordinates 45.8° N, 18.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Biharian, Late Lower Pleistocene. 'Kretzoi employed the designation no. 4 for those sites in the eastern wall of the eastern quarry of the hill which Kormos described as hollows filled with brown sediment.'


• 'The southern slope and the ridge are very strongly karstic, and the hill is composed of very steep, in places almost vertical Mesozoic formations. The first of these are Anisian dolomite in the north, which is followed by Callovian Cornbrash limestone (according to recent studies: Pliensbachian (Lower Jurassic) and then Callovian layers), then Lower and Upper Malm limestone, then a sediment hiatus in which a bauxite formation is intercalated; finally, Lower Cretaceous rocks on the southern slope of the hill. Here and there red clay containing bone remains fills the vertical clefs of the system of faults marring the hill.' (originally in German in Kretzoi (1956) translated into English by Janossy (1986).
• 'hollows filled with brown sediment'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: 'the literature contains a series of mistakes concerning this locality, and some of the previous lists certainly do not represent similar aged material.' The locality was subsequently demolished by quarrying.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35442: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 15.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• This list 'incorporates corrections made by Kormos and Kretzoi.'
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Pliomys episcopalis, Mimomys intermedius, "Clethrionomys hintoni" = Myodes, Arvicola aff. bactonensis, "Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus nivaloides" = Microtus, "Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus, "Microtus sp." = Microtus, "Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus, "Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus, Lagurus pannonicus, Cricetulus sp., Cricetus cf. praeglacialis, Cricetus cricetus
"Clethrionomys hintoni" = Myodes vole
"Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus vole
"Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus vole
"Microtus nivaloides" = Microtus vole
"Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus vole
"Microtus sp." = Microtus Schrank 1798 vole
nivalis group
"Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus vole
Lagurus pannonicus Kormos 1930 mouse
Cricetulus sp. Milne-Edwards 1867 mouse
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
2 subspecies - C.c. praeglacialis and C.c. runtonensis
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Drepanosorex margaritodon red-toothed shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Crocidura obtusa white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis wuesti vesper bat
Myotis wüsti
Myotis dasycneme Boie 1825 vesper bat
Myotis emarginatus Geoffroy 1806 vesper bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela praenivalis Kormos 1934 weasel
? Xenictis pilgrimi mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes praecorsac Kormos 1932 fox
Vulpes cf. vulpes Linnaeus 1758 red fox
Canis (? Thos) sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
ssp. indet.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Cervus s.l. sp., large species