Villany locality 6 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Villány 6, Villany-Kalkberg Sud, Villány-Kalkberg Süd.

Where: Barany, Hungary (45.9° N, 18.5° E: paleocoordinates 45.8° N, 18.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Biharian, late Lower Pleistocene.


• 'the wide Oxfordian limestone of the southern wall is dissected by a vertical 1m wide cleft in the eastern upper portion of the large quarry of Mészoköhegy of Villany, about 50m from locality no. 3, and is filled in its entire height by... terra rossa... and is very rich in fossils.' (originally published in Hungarian by Kretzoi (1956), translated into English in Janossy (1986)).
• 'terra rossa'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35459: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 16.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Dicondylia -
? Orthoptera indet. Olivier 1789 grasshopper
 Julida - Julidae
Julus sp. Linnaeus 1758 millipede
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates cf. fuscus spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Palaeobatrachidae
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
Rana cf. temporaria Linnaeus 1758 common frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo cf. viridis Laurenti 1768 European green toad
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Bombina sp. Oken 1816 fire-bellied toad
 Testudinata -
Testudinata indet. turtle
fragments of carapace
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta viridis Laurenti 1768 European green lizard
 Squamata - Anguidae
 Ophidia -
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. alsomyoides Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys cf. pusillus, Mimomys savini, "Clethrionomys glareolus" = Myodes, Arvicola sp., "Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus, "Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus, "Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus, "Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus, Lagurus pannonicus, Cricetulus sp., Cricetus cf. praeglacialis, Cricetus cf. runtonensis
"Clethrionomys glareolus" = Myodes vole
Arvicola sp. Lacépède 1799 vole
"Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus vole
"Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus vole
Microtus nivalinus-nivaloides group
"Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus vole
Lagurus pannonicus Kormos 1930 mouse
Cricetulus sp. Milne-Edwards 1867 mouse
Cricetulus s.l. sp.
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Drepanosorex margaritodon red-toothed shrew
Sorex cf. minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Crocidura obtusa white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis cf. wuesti vesper bat
Myotis cf. wüsti
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
? Pannonictis pliocaenicus mustelid carnivore
? Xenictis pilgrimi mustelid carnivore
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
Erinaceus cf. praeglacialis Brunner 1933 mammal
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry