Villany locality 8, level 12a (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Villány 8, level 12a

Where: Barany, Hungary (45.9° N, 18.5° E: paleocoordinates 45.8° N, 18.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Biharian, Middle Pleistocene. The cave was opened from one side during quarrying and Kretzoi and his co-workers, including the author (Janossy) in 1953 and 1955, removed material in 12 layers. The series, starting from the bottom, begins with reddish clay with large calcite deposits, and in the upper layers is composed of limy loess formations.'


• 'limy loess formations'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• only part of the material from layer 12a had been analysed when this list was published.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35467: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 16.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• grassland-steppe environment.
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates cf. fuscus spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Bombina sp. Oken 1816 fire-bellied toad
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allocricetus bursae, Pliomys episcopalis, Mimomys savini, "Clethrionomys cf. glareolus" = Myodes, Arvicola cf. bactonensis, "Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus, "Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus, "Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus, "Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus, "Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus, Lagurodon pannonicus, Cricetus praeglacialis
"Clethrionomys cf. glareolus" = Myodes vole
"Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus vole
"Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus vole
"Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus vole
Microtus nivalinus-nivaloides group
"Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus vole
 Rodentia - Spalacidae
Spalax advenus blind mole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Drepanosorex margaritodon red-toothed shrew
Sorex cf. minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis cf. mosbachensis Soergel 1925 canine
 Artiodactyla -
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry