Barnard's Spruit, Aliwal North (zone A/5) (Triassic to of South Africa)

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (31.0° S, 26.6° E: paleocoordinates 50.0° S, 3.0° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Lower Member (Elliot Formation), Norian to Norian (228.0 - 201.3 Ma)

• base of formation ("Red Beds")

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by A. Brown in 1863; reposited in the BMNH, MNHN

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical,

• sent to London, Paris, and Vienna, but all from "the same spot", and collected by Mr. Alfred Brown ("Gogga"). Donated by Brown and Consul Adler of Port Elizabeth.

Primary reference: T. H. Huxley. 1866. On some remains of large dinosaurian reptiles from the Stormberg Mountains, South Africa. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 23(1):1-6 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36610: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 06.02.2004, edited by Richard Butler and Emma Dunne

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Pseudosuchia -
Basutodon ferax2 archosaur
BMNH R3301, large left premaxilla and carnivorous teeth, probably representing a rausuchian or a theropod. NMHW 1876-VII-B-111, 112, and 113, jaw fragments
 Saurischia -
"Euskelesaurus brownii n. gen. n. sp." = Euskelosaurus brownii, Orinosaurus capensis n. gen. n. sp.3
"Euskelesaurus brownii n. gen. n. sp." = Euskelosaurus brownii Huxley 1866 sauropodomorph
BMNH 1625a-c
Orinosaurus capensis n. gen. n. sp.3 Lydekker 1889 prosauropod
originally Orosaurus (no species name); BMNH R1626
 Saurischia - Riojasauridae
"Aliwalia rex n. gen. n. sp." = Eucnemesaurus fortis1
"Aliwalia rex n. gen. n. sp." = Eucnemesaurus fortis1 Van Hoepen 1920 sauropodomorph
NMV 1889-XV-39, 1876-VII-B124, proximal and distal ends of a left femur
 Dicynodontia - Stahleckeriidae
Pentasaurus goggai n. gen. n. sp.2
Pentasaurus goggai n. gen. n. sp.2 Kammerer 2018 dicynodont
NHMW 1876-VII-B-114 (Holotype: partial mandible). Referred material: NHMW 1876-VII-B-115, a partial left ulna; NHMW 1876-VII-B-121, a partial left scapulocoracoid; NHMW 1876-VII-B-122, a partial left pubis and ischium; NHMW 1876-VII-B-123, the distal end of a left humerus; NHMW 1876-VII-B-128, the proximal tip of a right tibia; NHMW 1876-VII-B-129, a partial long bone (?radius); NHMW 1886-XV-15, a partial cervical vertebra. NOTE: in paper, this species is stated as "probably" originating from this locality (as per Galton & Van Heerden, 1998)