MAD93-35 (SUNY) (Cretaceous of Madagascar)

Where: Mahajanga, Madagascar (15.9° S, 46.6° E: paleocoordinates 30.1° S, 38.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Anembalemba Member (Maevarano Formation), Maastrichtian (72.1 - 66.0 Ma)

• "uppermost white sandstone unit" = Anembalemba Member

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "channel"; white sandstone

• "shallow and very broad channel-belt system characterized by an ephemeral and flood-prone discharge regime."

Size class: mesofossils

Preservation: trace

Reposited in the DMNH, FMNH

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical,

Primary reference: D. W. Krause, G. V. R. Prasad, W. Koenigswald, A. Sahni, and F. E. Grine. 1997. Cosmopolitanism among Gondwanan Late Cretaceous mammals. Nature 390:504-507 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/P. Holroyd]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39266: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 25.05.2004, edited by Philip Mannion, Roger Benson, Jonathan Tennant and Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Anura indet.1 Fischer von Waldheim 1813 frog
FMNH-PR 1960 (right premaxilla)
Beelzebufo ampinga4 Evans et al. 2008 frog
UA 9623 – fragment of otic and ventral processes of squamosal; UA 9624 – posterior process of left quadratojugal; UA 9625 – posteroventral process of right squamosal; UA 9626 – cranial fragment; UA 9627 – partial vertebral spine table; UA 9635 – anterior fragment of right maxilla; UA 9676 – fragment of right maxilla bearing maxillary nerve canal; UA 9677 – fragment of frontoparietal or squamosal; UA 9679 – cranial fragment; UA 9947 – presacral vertebra, interpreted as PS3; UA 9948 – posterior presacral vertebra; FMNH PR 1960 – partial right premaxilla; FMNH PR 2504 – vertebral centrum and partial neural arch; FMNH PR 2505 – facial process of right maxilla; FMNH PR 2506 – partial right maxilla; FMNH PR 2507 – facial process and pars dentalis of right maxilla; FMNH PR 2508 – cranial fragment from antorbital margin, frontoparietal or nasal; FMNH PR 2509 – conjoined midline frontoparietal fragment; FMNH PR 2510 – partial left maxilla. Locality MAD93-36: UA 9678 – vertebral spine table; UA 9949 – fragment of otic plate of right squamosal
Reptilia
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
cf. Erymnochelys sp.5 Baur 1888 sideneck turtle
FMNH PR 2231, mandible
 Testudines -
Sokatra antitra n. gen. n. sp.6
Sokatra antitra n. gen. n. sp.6 Gaffney and Krause 2011 sideneck turtle
UA 9769 - holotype (partial skull, lacking the premaxillae, basioccipital, and with damaged basisphenoid, quadrates, prootics, and opisthotics). FMNH nos. PR 2647 (supraoccipital), PR 2648 (left frontal), PR 2649 (partial skull with articulated or associated quadrates, both opisthotics, left exoccipital, right prootic, left pterygoid, and right palatine)and UA nos. 9864 (partial right quadrate) and 9865 (partial left maxilla) were recovered from a small (2 m2) quarried surface at this locality
 Dinosauria -
Aves
 Enantiornithes -
Enantiornithes indet.11 Walker 1981 bird
FMNH PA 751
Reptilia
 Saurischia - Noasauridae
Masiakasaurus knopfleri3 Sampson et al. 2001 ceratosaur
FMNH PR 2220, 2199; UA 9183, 9734, 9773, 9199, 9185, 9137
 Loricata -
Simosuchus clarki9 Buckley et al. 2000 pug-nosed crocodile
FMNH PR 2600 (isolated tooth)
 Loricata - Mahajangasuchidae
Mahajangasuchus insignis n. gen. n. sp.14
Mahajangasuchus insignis n. gen. n. sp.14 Buckley and Brochu 1999 Mahajanga crocodile
UA 8654; FMNH PR 2389, 2449
 Serpentes -
Serpentes indet.10 snake
FMNH PR 2579
 Squamata - Madtsoiidae
Menarana nosymena10 LaDuke et al. 2010 snake
Adinophis fisaka12 Pritchard et al. 2014 snake
FMNH PR 2572
 Squamata - Nigerophiidae
Kelyophis hechti10 LaDuke et al. 2010 snake
Mammalia
 Tribosphenida - Zhelestidae
Zhelestidae indet.2 Nessov 1990 eutherian
 Allotheria - Sudamericidae
Sudamericidae indet.7 Scillato-Yané and Pascual 1984 mammal
UA 9937 (fragmentary molariform cheek tooth)
Lavanify miolaka Krause et al. 1997 mammal
 Allotheria -
? Multituberculata indet.7 Cope 1884 multituberculate
FMNH PM 61152 (fragmentary molar)
 Multituberculata -
Multituberculata indet.8 Cope 1884 multituberculate
DMNH EPV.100010 (fragmentary femur)
Cubiculum ornatus
  -
Cubiculum ornatus n. gen. n. sp.13
Cubiculum ornatus n. gen. n. sp.13 Roberts et al. 2007