Venta del Moro (Miocene of Spain)

Where: Spain (39.5° N, 1.3° W: paleocoordinates 39.6° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Los Isidros Member (Venta del Moro-Villatoya Formation), Turolian (8.7 - 5.3 Ma)

• MN13, Latest Miocene, Ventian. The Los Isidros member is comprised of detrital material and is 300m thick. 'The beds are deformed into anticlines and synclines of low relief with maximum dip of 16 degrees along the flanks. The fossiliferous beds occur at the core of one anticline.'

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; red conglomerate and lignite

• 'Red, polymictic cross bedded conglomerate, sandstone, mudstone and concretionary carbonate facies.' The fossils occur in a small lignite level in the lowest 4m of the section.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: M. Mathisen and J. Morales. 1981. Stratigraphy, facies and depositional environments of the Venta del Moro vertebrate locality, Valencia, Spain. Estudios Geologicos 37:199-207 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 40758: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 30.06.2004, edited by Lars van den Hoek Ostende and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Crustacea indet. Brünnich 1772
 Podocopida - Candonidae
Candona neglecta Sars 1887 ostracod
 Podocopida - Ilyocyprididae
Ilyocypris gibba Ramdohr 1808 ostracod
 Cardiida - Sphaeriidae
Pisidium ex gr. casertanunt pea clam
Pisidium gr, casertanunt
 Unionida - Unionidae
Unio sp. n. sp.
Unio sp. n. sp. Philipsson 1788 freshwater mussel
Two new Unio species.
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
Viviparus sp. Montfort 1810 snail
 Littorinoidea - Pomatiasidae
Tudorella sp. Fischer 1885 periwinkle
 Rissooidea - Amnicolidae
Bythinia sp. Leach 1818 snail
 Truncatelloidea - Hydrobiidae
Hydrobia aff. schlosseri snail
(sensu Robles and Goy, 1972)
 Sorbeoconcha - Melanopsidae
Melanopsis narsolina snail
Melanopsis narsolina gigantea
Melanopsis sp. Férussac 1807 snail
 Pulmonata - Ellobiidae
Carychium ex gr. minimum pulmonate
Carychium gr. minimum
 Pulmonata - Pupillidae
Vertigo (Vertigo) sp. Muller 1774 slug
 Helicoidea - Helicidae
Helicidae sp. Rafinesque 1815 slug
Cepaea sp. Held 1838 slug
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Ancylus sp. Müller 1774 pulmonate
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
 Valvatoidea - Valvatidae
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet.5 Batsch 1788 turtle
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 turtle
 Rodentia - Muridae
"Apodemus primaevus" = Parapodemus gaudryi Dames 1883 mouse
Occitanomys adroveri Thaler 1966 mouse
Stephanomys ramblensis van de Weerd 1976 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Apocricetus alberti1 Freudenthal et al. 1998 mouse
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys truci Mein and Michaux 1970 dormouse
 Rodentia - Castoridae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Aceratherium incisivum Cuvier 1824 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
Two species of Hipparion sp. I and II.
Hipparion gromovae Villalta and Crusafont 1957 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Plesiogulo monspessulanus mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
"? Paramachairodus maximiliani" = Paramachaerodus cat
Dinofelis sp.3 Zdansky 1924 cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 gomphothere
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Paracamelus sp.4 Schlosser 1903 camel
upper teeth: maxilla with M1-M3, 1 M2, 1 M1. Two lower P3, 1 astragalus, 1 calcaneum, 1 navicular, 2 sets of cuboides, 1 distal first phlanage, 1 first phalange.
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hexaprotodon sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 pygmy hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Miotragocerus sp. Stromer 1928 antelope
Parabos sp. Barbour and Schultz 1941 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus pyrenaicus Depéret 1890 deer
 Charales - Characeae
Chara sp. Linnaeus 1753 stonewort
 Sapindales - Aceraceae
Acer sp. Linnaeus 1753 maple
 Fagales - Fagaceae
 Violales - Salicaceae