USNM9266, Block 3, Khao Mang Lat Hill, Ban Kao (Permian of Thailand)

Where: Kanchanaburi, Thailand (14.0° N, 99.4° E: paleocoordinates 31.3° S, 99.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Rat Buri Formation, Roadian (272.3 - 268.8 Ma)

• The age of the Rat Buri fauna is problematic. "Rat Buri" limestones likely range in age from Kungurian through Capitanian to perhaps Wuchiapingian. Wordian fusulinids appear most common in other collections, but are not found in association with the brachiopod localities. The brachopod fauna is most similar to the Wordian Amb Formation of the Salt Range, in Pakistan, tentatively indicating a Wordian age.

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; shelly/skeletal, silty, sandy limestone

• Depositional setting reconstructed as fairly shallow water, near shore and a source of terrigenous sediment, with a fairly firm substrate, in somewhat turbid water.
• Sandy silty limestone, with the maximum size of the sand in the medium range. Sand makes up about 10% of the rock and silt about 15%; the cement is calcite.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: replaced with silica

Collection methods: bulk, chemical,

Primary reference: R. E. Grant. 1976. Permian brachiopods from southern Thailand. Paleontological Society Memoir 9:1-269 [D. Bottjer/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 40857: authorized by David Bottjer, entered by Matthew Clapham on 01.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Concentrates on brachiopods, accompanying faunas are mentioned but likely not fully described
 Orthotetida - Meekellidae
Meekella bisculpta Grant 1976
 Spiriferida - Trigonotretidae
Neospirifer sp. Fredericks 1919