Gaozhuang Fauna (Teilhard de Chardin's Zone II), Yushe County, Shanxi Province (Pliocene of China)

Where: Shanxi, China (38.3° N, 113.1° E: paleocoordinates 38.2° N, 112.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Ruscinian (5.3 - 3.2 Ma)

• MN14-15, Zanclean, Jinglean. Teilhard de Chardins Zone II of the Yushe group - but there is little detail on where the original fauna came from and it is obviously mixed. Therefore it has been amalgamated into the 'Gaozhuang fauna'.

Environment/lithology:

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: Z. Qiu. 1990. The Chinese Neogene mammalian biochronology - its correlation with the European Neogene mammal zonation. In E.H. Lindsay, V. Fahlbusch and P. Mein, eds., European Neogene Mammal Chronology. Plenum Press, New York. 527-556 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 42273: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 27.07.2004, edited by David Nicholson and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Collection still under study.
unclassified
  -
Pliohyaena perrieri
Pliohyaena perrieri orientalis
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Aspideretes sinuosus n. sp.1, "Amyda gracilia n. sp." = Pelodiscus gracilia2
Aspideretes sinuosus n. sp.1 Chow and Yeh 1958 softshell turtle
IVPP V 944
"Amyda gracilia n. sp." = Pelodiscus gracilia2 Yeh 1963 softshell turtle
IVPP V 1038
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Testudo yushensis n. sp." = Manouria yushensis2 Yeh 1963 turtle
IVPP V 1028
Kansuchelys ovalis n. sp.2 Yeh 1963 turtle
Testudo shansiensis2 Wiman 1930 turtle
IVPP V.1015, 1016
Testudo cf. shensiensis2 Wiman 1930 turtle
IVPP V.1008-1010
Testudo shensiensis2 Wiman 1930 turtle
IVPP V.1019
Testudo honanensis2 Wiman 1930 turtle
IVPP V.1025
Testudo sphaerica2 Wiman 1930 turtle
IVPP V.1011, 1012
Testudo hipparionum1 Wiman 1930 turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Shansiemys latiscuta n. sp.2, Epiemys perfectus n. sp.2, Clemmys sp.2, "Ocadia sinensis" = Emys sinensis2
Shansiemys latiscuta n. sp.2 Yeh 1963 turtle
IVPP V 1001, a nearly complete carapace and plastron
Epiemys perfectus n. sp.2 Yeh 1963 turtle
IVPP V 999 a complete carapace and plastron
Clemmys sp.2 Ritgen 1828 turtle
"Ocadia sinensis" = Emys sinensis2 Gray 1835 pond turtle
IVPP V.1002, V.1005
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion houfenense" = Hipparion, "Proboscidipparion pater" = Hipparion
"Hipparion houfenense" = Hipparion hipparionine horse
"Proboscidipparion pater" = Hipparion hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
Agriotherium sp. Wagner 1837 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Plesiogulo sp. Zdansky 1934 mustelid carnivore
advanced form
 Carnivora - Canidae
Nyctereutes sp. Temminck 1839 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut borsoni Hays 1834 mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Paracamelus sp. Schlosser 1903 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Paracervulus sp. Teilhard de Chardin and Trassaert 1937 deer
many forms