Sonde beds, Madiun (Pliocene of Indonesia)

Also known as Reef 3588

Where: Java, Indonesia (8.0° S, 114.0° E: paleocoordinates 8.4° S, 116.5° E)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Sondé Member (Sondé Formation), Early/Lower Pliocene (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• Sonde member is upper member of Sonde formation. Sure, why not.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified limestone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J.H.F. Umbgrove. 1946. Corals from a lower Pliocene patch reef in Central Java. Journal of Paleontology 20(6):521-542 [M. Kosnik/M. Kosnik/M. Kosnik]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 45344: authorized by Matt Kosnik, entered by Matt Kosnik on 19.10.2004, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca (Arca) menengtengana, Scapharca (Scapharca) gedinganensis, "Arca (Anadara) fennemai" = Anadara, "Arca (Anadara) junghuhni" = Anadara
"Arca (Anadara) fennemai" = Anadara ark
"Arca (Anadara) junghuhni" = Anadara ark
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus sondeianus Martin 1909 scallop
Pecten (Pecten) gedinganensis Martin 1909 scallop
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Thaididae
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Oliva sondeiana olive snail
Oliva tricincta olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Metula boettgeri, "Pollia sondeiana" = Cantharus (Pollia)
Metula boettgeri true whelk
"Pollia sondeiana" = Cantharus (Pollia) true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassaria acuminata, Nassarius sondeianus, "Zeuxis verbeeki" = Nassarius (Zeuxis), "Zeuxis madiunensis" = Nassarius (Zeuxis), "Niotha ngawiana" = Nassarius (Niotha)
Nassaria acuminata snail
Nassaria acuminata gendinganensis
"Zeuxis verbeeki" = Nassarius (Zeuxis) snail
"Zeuxis madiunensis" = Nassarius (Zeuxis) snail
"Niotha ngawiana" = Nassarius (Niotha) snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Peristernia acaulis Martin 1895 snail
"Clavilithes verbeeki" = Mancorus verbeeki Martin 1895 snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella (Centrospira) ventricosa Fischer de Waldheim 1807 margin shell
Marginella (Centrospira) ventricosa minor
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Naquetia sondeianus" = Chicoreus (Naquetia) murex snail
Naquietia sondeianus
Murex (Murex) troscheli Liscke 1868 murex snail
Murex (Murex) troscheli verbeeki
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Inquisitor batavianus, "Turris sondeiana" = Turris, "Pleurotoma gendinganensis" = Turris
"Turris sondeiana" = Turris turrid
"Pleurotoma gendinganensis" = Turris turrid
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus sondeianus, Conus ngavianus, "Conolithes menengtenganus" = Conus (Conolithes), "Chelyconus socialis" = Conus (Chelyoconus)
Conus sondeianus cone shell
Conus ngavianus cone shell
"Conolithes menengtenganus" = Conus (Conolithes) cone shell
"Chelyconus socialis" = Conus (Chelyoconus) cone shell
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Canarium gedinganense, Strombus sondeianus, "Labiostrombus fennemai" = Strombus (Labiostrombus), "Labiostrombus madiunensis" = Strombus (Labiostrombus), "Labiostrombus martini" = Strombus (Labiostrombus)
"Labiostrombus fennemai" = Strombus (Labiostrombus) conch
"Labiostrombus madiunensis" = Strombus (Labiostrombus) conch
"Labiostrombus martini" = Strombus (Labiostrombus) conch
 Stromboidea - Rostellariidae
"Tibia (Sulcogladius) powisii" = Tibia (Sulcogladius) powisi
"Tibia (Sulcogladius) powisii" = Tibia (Sulcogladius) powisi Petit 1840 snail
Tibia (Sulcogladius) powisii modesta
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
 Cypraeoidea - Ovulidae
"Ovula javana" = Volva javana
"Ovula javana" = Volva javana Martin 1899 snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Erosaria (Erosaria) pliostaphylaea, "Blasicrura (Blasicrura) quadrimaculata" = Eclogavena quadrimaculata, Erronea sondeiana, "Zoila (Zoila) gedinganensis" = Afrozoila gendinganensis
"Blasicrura (Blasicrura) quadrimaculata" = Eclogavena quadrimaculata Gray 1824 cowry
Blasicrura (Blasicrura) quadrimaculata insculpta
Erronea sondeiana Martin 1899 cowry
"Zoila (Zoila) gedinganensis" = Afrozoila gendinganensis Martin 1899 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
"Triton (Ranularia) pseudopyrum" = Ranularia, "Cymatium (Ranularia) pyrulum" = Ranularia, "Cymatium (Ranularia) sarcostoma" = Ranularia, "Cymatium (Ranularia) gutturnium" = Ranularia
"Triton (Ranularia) pseudopyrum" = Ranularia triton shell
"Cymatium (Ranularia) pyrulum" = Ranularia triton shell
"Cymatium (Ranularia) sarcostoma" = Ranularia triton shell
"Cymatium (Ranularia) gutturnium" = Ranularia triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
"Melania gendinganensis" = Thiara, "Melania sondeiana" = Thiara, "Melania (Striatella) woodwardi" = Melanoides (Melanoides) woodwardi, Tarebia granifera, "Melania (Tarebia) tjariangensis" = Melanoides (Tarebia) tjariangensis
"Melania gendinganensis" = Thiara snail
"Melania sondeiana" = Thiara snail
"Melania (Striatella) woodwardi" = Melanoides (Melanoides) woodwardi Martin 1905 snail
Tarebia granifera Lamarck 1822 snail
Tarebia granifera madiunensis
"Melania (Tarebia) tjariangensis" = Melanoides (Tarebia) tjariangensis Martin 1905 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Planaxidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
"Marmarostoma sondeianum" = Turbo (Marmarostoma)
"Marmarostoma sondeianum" = Turbo (Marmarostoma) snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Praecia sondeianus Martin 1905 top snail
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Poritidae
Dictyaraea anomala Reuss 1866 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Agariciidae
Cyathoseris lophiophora Felix 1921 stony coral
Pavona clavus Dana 1846 stony coral
Pachyseris curvata Martin 1880 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Fungiidae
Fungia inaequicostata Gerth 1925 stony coral
Fungia concinna Verrill 1864 stony coral
"Fungia echinata" = Ctenactis echinata Pallas 1766 stony coral
"Fungia cyclolites" = Cycloseris cyclolites Lamarck 1801 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Pocilloporidae
Pocillopora jenkinsi Reuss 1867 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Merulinidae
"Platygyra phrygia" = Leptoria phrygia, Goniastrea retiformis, Hydnophora grandis, Merulina ampliata, Cyphastrea microphthalma, Favites cf. abdita, "Metastraea aegyptorum" = Favites, "Coeloria cf. daedalea" = Platygyra daedalea, "Favia speciosa" = Dipsastraea speciosa
"Platygyra phrygia" = Leptoria phrygia Ellis and Solander 1786 stony coral
Goniastrea retiformis Lamarck 1816 stony coral
Hydnophora grandis Gardiner 1906 stony coral
Merulina ampliata Ellis and Solander 1786 stony coral
Cyphastrea microphthalma Lamarck 1816 stony coral
Favites cf. abdita Ellis and Solander 1786 stony coral
"Metastraea aegyptorum" = Favites stony coral
"Coeloria cf. daedalea" = Platygyra daedalea Ellis and Solander 1786 stony coral
"Favia speciosa" = Dipsastraea speciosa Dana 1846 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Faviidae
"Goniastrea simplicitexta" = Parasimplastrea simplicitexta, Leptastrea purpurea
"Goniastrea simplicitexta" = Parasimplastrea simplicitexta Umbgrove 1942 stony coral
Leptastrea purpurea Dana 1846 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Mussidae
Lobophyllia corymbosa Forskal 1775 stony coral
Symphyllia cf. recta Dana 1846 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Oculinidae
"Galaxea clavus" = Galaxea astreata
"Galaxea clavus" = Galaxea astreata Lamarck 1816 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Diploastraeidae
Diploastrea heliopora Lamarck 1816 stony coral