Ganda Kas (Eocene of Pakistan)

Also known as includes Gingerich (1977) localities 2 & 11

Where: Punjab, Pakistan (33.8° N, 72.7° E: paleocoordinates 14.3° N, 68.7° E)

• coordinate based on political unit

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: Kuldana Formation, Lutetian (47.8 - 41.3 Ma)

• one specimen of Gandakasia is purportedly from the Kohat Formation, which overlies the Kuldana (Gingerich, 1977); early Lutetian (Gingerich, 2003)

Environment/lithology: marine; mudstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

• IPHG, Institute für Paläontologie und Historische Geologie, Munich, Germany

Primary reference: R. Dehm and T. Oettingen-Spielberg. 1958. Paläontologische und geologische Untersuchungen im Tertiär von Pakistan. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathewmatisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 91:1-54 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 45529: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 29.10.2004, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Planorbis sp.2 Muller 1774 pulmonate
Mammalia
 Cimolesta -
Basalina basalensis n. gen. n. sp.
Basalina basalensis n. gen. n. sp. Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958 tillodont
 Perissodactyla - Brontotheriidae
? Eotitanops dayi n. sp. Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958 brontothere
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
? Teleolophus daviesi n. sp. Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Helaletidae
Helaletidae indet. Osborn 1892 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla - Anthracobunidae
Anthracobune pinfoldi, "Pilgrimella wardi n. gen." = Anthracobune wardi, "Lammidhania wardi n. gen." = Anthracobune wardi2, Pilgrimella gilgrimi n. gen. n. sp., Obergfellia occidentalis1
Anthracobune pinfoldi Pilgrim 1940 odd-toed ungulate
"Pilgrimella wardi n. gen." = Anthracobune wardi Pilgrim 1940 odd-toed ungulate
"Lammidhania wardi n. gen." = Anthracobune wardi2 Pilgrim 1940 odd-toed ungulate
Pilgrimella gilgrimi n. gen. n. sp. odd-toed ungulate
Obergfellia occidentalis1 Cooper et al. 2014 odd-toed ungulate
H-GSP 538 and 568
 Taeniodonta -
Taeniodonta indet. Cope 1876 taeniodont
 Artiodactyla - Dichobunidae
"? Promioclaenus gandaensis n. sp." = Dulcidon gandaensis, Haqueina haquei n. gen. n. sp.
"? Promioclaenus gandaensis n. sp." = Dulcidon gandaensis Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958 even-toed ungulate
Haqueina haquei n. gen. n. sp. Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Raoellidae
Khirtharia dayi Pilgrim 1940 even-toed ungulate
  - Pakicetidae
Pakicetus attocki3 West 1980 whale
Ichthyolestes pinfoldi n. gen. n. sp. Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958 whale