Beaumaris (Miocene of Australia)

Where: Victoria, Australia (38.0° S, 145.0° E: paleocoordinates 42.1° S, 144.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: N17-18 zone, Sandringham Sandstone Formation, Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• basal Black Rock Sandstone, Cheltenhamian to Kalimnan; late Messinian. PJW: was given as Zanclean, but it should be Messinian.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shoreface; ferruginous, phosphatic sandstone

• shallow shelf to shoreface, upward shoaling over time, backshore deposits present
• ferruginous and phosphatic nodules in a matrix of quartz sand and gravel

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

• Repository: National Museum of Victoria

Primary reference: F. Chapman. 1912. On the occurrence of Scaldicetus in Victoria. Department of Mines (Geological Survey [Australia]) 1912:236-238 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 46167: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 06.01.2005, edited by Austin Hendy, Pete Wagner and Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Goneplacidae
Ommatocarcinus corioensis10 Creswell 1886 crab
Gastropoda
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Umbilia (Umbilia) hesitata4 Iredale 1916 cowry
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
Aturia coxi1 Miller 1947 nautiloid
Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Isuridae
Oxyrhina eocaena3 mackerel shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis5
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis5 Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Plagiostomi - Carcharidae
"Carcharias (Prionodon) aculeata" = Prionodon2
"Carcharias (Prionodon) aculeata" = Prionodon2 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.5 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Myliobatis affinis n. sp.2 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 eagle ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis recurvidens n. sp.2 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 sawfish
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Notidanus jenningsi n. sp.3 Chapman and Pritchard 1904 cow shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Parotodus benedenii5, "Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon5
Parotodus benedenii5 Le Hon 1871 mackerel shark
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon5 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Isurus retroflexus" = Isurus retroflexus5 Agassiz 1843 mako shark
"Oxyrhina retroflexa" = Isurus retroflexus3 Agassiz 1843 mako shark
Isurus minutus2 Agassiz 1843 mako shark
"Oxyrhina desori" = Isurus oxyrinchus3 Rafinesque 1810 mako shark
Isurus desori5 Sismonda 1849 mako shark
Carcharodon carcharias2 Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
Carcharodon auriculatus2 Blainville 1818 white shark
? Lamna sp.5 Cuvier 1816 mackerel shark
Lamna crassidens2 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis incurva3 Davis 1888 sand tiger shark
Odontaspis attenuata3 Davis 1888 sand tiger shark
Carcharias victoriae n. sp.2 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 sand shark
"Odontaspis cuspidata" = Carcharias cuspidatus3 Agassiz 1843 sand shark
Carcharias collata2 Eastman 1904 sand shark
Carcharias taurus5 Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Orectolobiformes - Parascylliidae
Megascyliorhinus sp.5 Cappetta and Ward 1977 collared carpetshark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo aduncus5 Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp.5 de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
Carcharhinus cf. brachyurus5 Gunther 1870 requiem shark
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
Heterodontus cainozoicus5 Pledge 1985 bullhead shark
Cestracion cainozoicus n. sp.3 Chapman and Pritchard 1904 bullhead shark
Cestracion cainozoicus2 Chapman and Pritchard 1904 bullhead shark
Cestracion longidens n. sp.2 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 bullhead shark
Cestracion novozelandicus2 Chapman 1918 bullhead shark
Strophodus eocenicus2 Tate 1894 bullhead shark
 Pristiophoriformes - Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus lanceolatus5 Davis 1888 saw shark
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhinchidae
Edaphodon sweeti5 Chapman and Pritchard 1907 plownose chimaera
Edaphodon mirabilis5 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 plownose chimaera
Edaphodon cf. mirabilis5 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 plownose chimaera
Edaphodon mirabilis n. sp.2 Chapman and Cudmore 1924 plownose chimaera
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhynchidae
Ischyodus cf. dolloi5 plownose chimaera
Actinopteri
 Carangiformes - Lactariidae
 Perciformes -
Sillago pliocaenica5 perch-like fish
 Labriformes - Labridae
Nummopalatus depressus2 Chapman and Prtichard 1907
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
? Trionychidae indet.5 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
Aves
 Ornithurae - Pelagornithidae
Pelagornis sp.8 Lartet 1857 bird
 Procellariiformes - Diomedeidae
Diomedea thyridata5 Wilkinson 1969 albatross
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Spheniscidae indet.5 Bonaparte 1831 penguin
? Pseudaptenodytes minor5 Simpson 1970 penguin
Pseudaptenodytes minor n. gen. n. sp.13 Simpson 1970 penguin
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phocidae indet.5 Gray 1821 seal
Monachinae indet.9 Trouessart 1897 seal
 Mysticeti - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp.5 Lacépède 1804 rorqual
Megaptera sp.5 Gray 1846 humpback whale
 Mysticeti - Balaenidae
Balaenidae indet.5 Gray 1821 right whale
cf. Balaena sp.5 Linnaeus 1758 bowhead whale
 Mysticeti - Cetotheriidae
"Cetotheriidae" indet.5, "? Neobalaenidae indet." = Neobalaeninae7, Caperea sp.11
"Cetotheriidae" indet.5 Brandt 1872 whale
"? Neobalaenidae indet." = Neobalaeninae7 Miller 1923 pygmy right whale
Caperea sp.11 Gray 1864 pygmy right whale
NMV P233333
 Odontoceti - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet.5 Gray 1821 sperm whale
Physetodon baileyi n. sp.12 McCoy 1879 sperm whale
 Odontoceti -
Scaldicetus macgeei n. sp. Chapman 1912 toothed whale
 Delphinoidea - Delphinidae
"Steno" cudmorei6 Chapman 1917 dolphin
 Odontoceti - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet.5 Gray 1850 beaked whale
 Diprotodontia - Diprotodontidae
Kolopsis cf. torus5 Woodburne 1967 diprotodont marsupial
Zygomaturus gilli5 Stirton 1967 diprotodont marsupial