Sunlands Pumping Station (Miocene to of Australia)

Also known as Waikerie, Loxton

Where: South Australia, Australia (34.1° S, 139.9° E: paleocoordinates 37.6° S, 139.0° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Loxton Formation, Messinian to Messinian (7.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Age after Boessenecker et al., 2019.

•Kalimnan Stage

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; yellow sandstone

• fluvial to lacustine

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original calcite, original phosphate

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: N. S. Pledge. 1985. An early Pliocene shark tooth assemblage in South Australia. South Australia Department of Mines and Energy Special Publication 5:287-299 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 50343: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 13.05.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Malacostraca
  -
Malacostraca indet. Latreille 1802
Maxillopoda
 Sessilia - Balanidae
Balanidae indet. Leach 1817 barnacle
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Chlamys polyaktinos" = Austrohinnites polyaktinos Ludbrook 1955 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
"Scalidae indet." = Epitoniidae
"Scalidae indet." = Epitoniidae Berry 1910 wentletrap
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Muricidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 murex snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella sp. Lamarck 1799 turret shell
Gymnolaemata
 Cheilostomata - Lepraliellidae
"Cellepora ? gambierensis" = Celleporaria gambierensis
"Cellepora ? gambierensis" = Celleporaria gambierensis Tenison-Woods 1860
 Cheilostomata - Phidoloporidae
"Retepora sp." = Reteporella
"Retepora sp." = Reteporella Busk 1884
Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
cf. Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"cf. Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"cf. Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Measured in Pimiento and Balk from the BMNH
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
"Lamna cf. cattica" = Carcharoides catticus Philippi 1846 sand tiger shark
Odontaspis cf. acutissima Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Orectolobiformes -
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus cf. brachyurus Gunther 1870 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
cf. Sphyrna sp. Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Mustelus sp. hound shark
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
Heterodontus cf. cainozoicus Pledge 1985 bullhead shark
 Pristiophoriformes - Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus lanceolatus Davis 1888 saw shark
Actinopteri
 Labriformes - Labridae
"cf. Labroidei indet." = Labridae
"cf. Labroidei indet." = Labridae Cuvier 1816
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
Diodon formosus Chapman and Pritchard 1907
 Tetraodontiformes - Monacanthidae
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
cf. Dugong sp.2 Lacépède 1799 dugong
 Mysticeti -
Mysticeti indet. Cope 1891 whale
 Delphinoidea - Delphinidae
? Delphinidae indet.1 Gray 1821 dolphin
cf. Steno sp. Gray 1846 dolphin
 Diprotodontia - Phascolarctidae
Phascolarctos maris1 Pledge 1987 koala
 Diprotodontia - Macropodidae
Dorcopsis sp. Schlegel and Müller 1845 New Guinea forest wallaby
 Diprotodontia - Diprotodontidae
? Zygomaturus sp. Owen 1858 diprotodont marsupial
Echinoidea
 Cidaroidea -
 Spatangoida - Loveniidae
Lovenia woodsi heart urchin
 Clypeasteroida - Clypeasteridae
Monostychia indet. Laube 1869 sand dollar