Zone C - Jama Formation (Pliocene of Ecuador)

Where: Manabi, Ecuador (0.2° N, 80.3° W: paleocoordinates 0.0° S, 79.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Jama Formation, Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Rests upon Miocene strata with a marked unconformity. Thickness of zone is approximately 15 ft, total thickness of section is over 265 ft. Collection is from Zone C.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore; poorly lithified, concretionary, blue sandstone

• The lower part of this zone comprises mainly deeper water [offshore?] forms.
• Bluish sands, somewhat lignitic in the upper part, nodular in the lower.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Probably collected by current authors, though text also makes referal to faunal lists by Sheppard (1930) and a collecton of Barker.

Primary reference: H. A. Pilsbry and A.A. Olsson. 1941. A Pliocene fauna from Western Ecuador. Proceedings of the Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 93:1-79 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 51887: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 29.06.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Exhaustive for Mollusca; nomenclature probably outdated though accurate.
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea megodon" = Undulostrea megodon
"Ostrea megodon" = Undulostrea megodon Hanley 1846 oyster
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pecten ventricosus" = Argopecten ventricosus
"Pecten ventricosus" = Argopecten ventricosus Sowerby 1842 calico scallop
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Anomalocardia callistoides n. sp." = Iliochione callistoides
"Anomalocardia callistoides n. sp." = Iliochione callistoides Pilsbry and Olsson 1941 venus clam