Lily Pond Quarry, Gill (Jurassic of the United States)

Also known as Barton Cove, Lull 4, Turners Falls

Where: Franklin County, Massachusetts (42.6° N, 72.5° W: paleocoordinates 23.3° N, 19.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Turners Falls Formation (Meriden Group), Hettangian (201.3 - 199.3 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; gray, red shale and micaceous, red sandstone

• red and gray 'shale', red micaceous sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast, mold/impression, trace

Collected by R. Field in 1830s-1858

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ), peel or thin section,

Primary reference: E. Hitchcock. 1836. Ornithichnology - description of the foot marks of birds, (Ornithichnites) on new Red Sandstone in Massachusetts. The American Journal of Science and Arts 29(2):307-340 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 52986: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 30.08.2005, edited by Richard Butler

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Radiolaria
 Nassellaria - Lophophaenidae
Trisulcus laqueatus8 Hitchcock 1862 radiolarian
Pancrustacea
  -
Insecta indet.8 Linnaeus 1758 insect
 Pancrustacea -
unclassified
  -
Annelida indet.8 Lamarck 1809
Bisulcus undulatus
  -
Bisulcus undulatus8 Hitchcock 1862
Trihamus elegans
  -
Trihamus elegans n. sp.8 Hitchcock 1862
Osteichthyes
  -
Ptilichnus typographus n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 bony fish
Ptilichnus anomalus n. gen. n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 bony fish
Ptilichnus hydrodromus n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 bony fish
Ptilichnus pectinatus n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 bony fish
Reptilia
 Testudinata -
Helcura anguinea n. sp.6, Helcura surgens n. sp.6, "Helcura caudata" = Helcura littoralis6
Helcura anguinea n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 turtle
Helcura surgens n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 turtle
"Helcura caudata" = Helcura littoralis6 Hitchcock 1848 turtle
  -
"Tridentipes uncus n. sp." = Steropoides uncus6, "Tridentipes uncus" = Steropoides uncus8, "Tridentipes elegans" = Steropoides elegans8, "Tridentipes elegantior" = Steropezoum elegantius8, "Tridentipes sp." = Steropoides8, Xiphopeza triplex8
"Tridentipes uncus n. sp." = Steropoides uncus6 Hitchcock 1858 dinosaur
"Tridentipes uncus" = Steropoides uncus8 Hitchcock 1858 dinosaur
"Tridentipes elegans" = Steropoides elegans8 Hitchcock 1841 dinosaur
"Tridentipes elegantior" = Steropezoum elegantius8 Hitchcock 1841 dinosaur
"Tridentipes sp." = Steropoides8 Hitchcock 1845 dinosaur
Xiphopeza triplex8 Hitchcock 1848 dinosaur
 Saurischia -
Argoides ? redfieldianum8, "Argozoum disparidigitatum" = Argoides macrodactylus6, "Ornithichnites minimus n. sp." = Argoides minimus, "Argozoum paridigitatum" = Argoides minimus6, Plesiornis pilulatus n. gen. n. sp.6, "Gigantitherium minus n. sp." = Kayentapus minor6
"Argozoum disparidigitatum" = Argoides macrodactylus6 Hitchcock 1841 saurischian
"Ornithichnites minimus n. sp." = Argoides minimus Hitchcock 1836 saurischian
"Argozoum paridigitatum" = Argoides minimus6 Hitchcock 1836 saurischian
Plesiornis pilulatus n. gen. n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 saurischian
"Gigantitherium minus n. sp." = Kayentapus minor6 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
 Saurischia - Sauropodidae
"Sauroidichnites barrattii n. sp." = Sauropus barrattii11
"Sauroidichnites barrattii n. sp." = Sauropus barrattii11 Hitchcock 1837 theropod
 Saurischia - Eubrontidae
"Brontozoum giganteum n. sp." = Eubrontes giganteus6, "Otouphepus minor n. sp." = Anchisauripus (Otouphepus) minor11, "Brontozoum approximatum" = Eubrontes (Brontozoum) approximatus8, Grallator cuneatus n. sp.8, Grallator ? formosus11, "Otouphepus magnificus n. gen. n. sp." = Grallator magnificus1, "Hyphepus fieldi n. gen. n. sp." = Eubrontes fieldi6, "Brontozoum tuberatum n. sp." = Eubrontes tuberatus6, "Brontozoum sillimanium" = Eubrontes sillimani8, "Brontozoum divaricatum" = Grallator (Eubrontes) divaricatus8, "Gigadipus caudatus n. gen. n. sp." = Gigandipus caudatus5, "Ornithoidichnites lyellii n. sp." = Eubrontes lyellii3, "Anomoepus major" = Eubrontes lyellii8, "Grallator cursorius" = Eubrontes cursorius6, "Grallator parallelus" = Eubrontes cursorius8, "Brontozoum validum" = Anchisauripus tuberosus8, "Plesiornis mirabilis n. sp." = Anchisauripus tuberosus11, "Brontozoum minusculum n. sp." = Grallator (Anchisauripus) minusculus6, "Anchisauripus hitchcocki n. sp." = Grallator (Anchisauripus) hitchcocki10, "Brontozoum exsertum" = Anchisauripus exsertus8
"Brontozoum giganteum n. sp." = Eubrontes giganteus6 Hitchcock 1836 theropod
"Otouphepus minor n. sp." = Anchisauripus (Otouphepus) minor11 Lull 1915 theropod
"Brontozoum approximatum" = Eubrontes (Brontozoum) approximatus8 Hitchcock 1865 theropod
Grallator cuneatus n. sp.8 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
Grallator ? formosus11 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
"Otouphepus magnificus n. gen. n. sp." = Grallator magnificus1 Cushman 1904 theropod
"Hyphepus fieldi n. gen. n. sp." = Eubrontes fieldi6 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
"Brontozoum tuberatum n. sp." = Eubrontes tuberatus6 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
"Brontozoum sillimanium" = Eubrontes sillimani8 Hitchcock 1843 theropod
"Brontozoum divaricatum" = Grallator (Eubrontes) divaricatus8 Hitchcock 1865 theropod
"Gigadipus caudatus n. gen. n. sp." = Gigandipus caudatus5 Hitchcock 1855 theropod
"Ornithoidichnites lyellii n. sp." = Eubrontes lyellii3 Hitchcock 1843 theropod
"Anomoepus major" = Eubrontes lyellii8 Hitchcock 1843 theropod
"Grallator cursorius" = Eubrontes cursorius6 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
"Grallator parallelus" = Eubrontes cursorius8 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
"Brontozoum validum" = Anchisauripus tuberosus8 Hitchcock 1836 theropod
"Plesiornis mirabilis n. sp." = Anchisauripus tuberosus11 Hitchcock 1836 theropod
"Brontozoum minusculum n. sp." = Grallator (Anchisauripus) minusculus6 Hitchcock 1837 theropod
"Anchisauripus hitchcocki n. sp." = Grallator (Anchisauripus) hitchcocki10 Lull 1904 theropod
"Brontozoum exsertum" = Anchisauripus exsertus8 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
 Saurischia - Anchisauripodidae
"Leptonyx lateralis n. sp." = Stenonyx lateralis8
"Leptonyx lateralis n. sp." = Stenonyx lateralis8 Hitchcock 1865 theropod
 Saurischia -
Selenichnus falcatus n. sp.8 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
Selenichnus breviusculus8 Hitchcock 1858 theropod
Anticheiropus hamatus n. sp.8 Hitchcock 1865 saurischian
"Harpedactylus rectus" = Platypterna recta4 Hitchcock 1848 saurischian
Platypterna varica8 Hitchcock 1858 saurischian
Platypterna gracillima n. sp.8 Hitchcock 1858 saurischian
Platypterna digitigrada8 Hitchcock 1858 saurischian
 Neornithischia - Anomoepodidae
Corvipes lacertoideus n. gen. n. sp.6
Corvipes lacertoideus n. gen. n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 bird foot dinosaur
 Neornithischia - Moyenisauropodidae
"Apatichnus holyokensis n. sp." = Anomoepus scambus9, "Anomoepus minor" = Anomoepus scambus8, "Anomoepus gracillimus" = Anomoepus scambus11, "Anomoepus minimus" = Anomoepus scambus8, "Plesiornis quadrupes" = Anomoepus scambus6, "Apatichnus circumagens" = Anomoepus scambus6, "Anomoepus cuneatus" = Anomoepus scambus9, "Anomoepus curvatus n. sp." = Anomoepus scambus7
"Apatichnus holyokensis n. sp." = Anomoepus scambus9 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Anomoepus minor" = Anomoepus scambus8 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Anomoepus gracillimus" = Anomoepus scambus11 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Anomoepus minimus" = Anomoepus scambus8 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Plesiornis quadrupes" = Anomoepus scambus6 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Apatichnus circumagens" = Anomoepus scambus6 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Anomoepus cuneatus" = Anomoepus scambus9 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
"Anomoepus curvatus n. sp." = Anomoepus scambus7 Hitchcock 1848 bird foot dinosaur
  -
Harpedactylus crassus n. sp.8, "Plectropterna angusta" = Tarsoplectrus angustus8, Tarsodactylus caudatus n. gen. n. sp.6
Harpedactylus crassus n. sp.8 Hitchcock 1862 dinosaur
"Plectropterna angusta" = Tarsoplectrus angustus8 Hitchcock 1858 dinosaur
Tarsodactylus caudatus n. gen. n. sp.6 Hitchcock 1858 dinosaur
 Pseudosuchia - Batrachopodidae
"Macropterna divaricans" = Palamopus divaricans6, "Anisopus gracilis" = Batrachopus gracilis8, "Anisopus gracilior n. sp." = Batrachopus gracilis7, "Shepardia palmipes" = Batrachopus gracilis8, "Apatichnus ? bellus" = Batrachopus bellus8, "Comptichnus obesus n. gen. n. sp." = Batrachopus bellus8, "Anisopus ? deweyanus" = Batrachopus deweyi8, "Exocampe ornata" = Batrachopus deweyi8, "Exocampe arcta" = Batrachopus deweyi6, "Antipus flexiloquus n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6, "Orthodactylus introvergens n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6, "Macropterna gracilipes n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6, "Macropterna vulgaris" = Batrachopus deweyi6, "Macropterna ? vulgaris" = Batrachopus deweyi8, "Chelonoides incedens n. gen. n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6, "Orthodactylus floriferus n. gen. n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6, "? Macropterna sp." = Batrachopus8, "Macropterna sp." = Batrachopus8, "? Arachichnus sp." = Batrachopus8, "? Anisopus sp." = Batrachopus8, Batrachopus dispar n. sp.10, "Exocampe sp." = Batrachopus8
"Macropterna divaricans" = Palamopus divaricans6 Hitchcock 1848 archosaur
"Anisopus gracilis" = Batrachopus gracilis8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
"Anisopus gracilior n. sp." = Batrachopus gracilis7 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
"Shepardia palmipes" = Batrachopus gracilis8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
"Apatichnus ? bellus" = Batrachopus bellus8 Hitchcock 1858 archosaur
"Comptichnus obesus n. gen. n. sp." = Batrachopus bellus8 Hitchcock 1858 archosaur
"Anisopus ? deweyanus" = Batrachopus deweyi8 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Exocampe ornata" = Batrachopus deweyi8 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Exocampe arcta" = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Antipus flexiloquus n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
Single specimen (AC 41/52 - holotype) containing 11 footprints
"Orthodactylus introvergens n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Macropterna gracilipes n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Macropterna vulgaris" = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Macropterna ? vulgaris" = Batrachopus deweyi8 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Chelonoides incedens n. gen. n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"Orthodactylus floriferus n. gen. n. sp." = Batrachopus deweyi6 Hitchcock 1843 archosaur
"? Macropterna sp." = Batrachopus8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
"Macropterna sp." = Batrachopus8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
"? Arachichnus sp." = Batrachopus8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
"? Anisopus sp." = Batrachopus8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
Batrachopus dispar n. sp.10 Lull 1904 archosaur
"Exocampe sp." = Batrachopus8 Hitchcock 1845 archosaur
  -
? Triaenopus sp.8 Hitchcock 1845 reptile
Osteichthyes
  -
Plectropterna sp.8 Hitchcock 1845 tetrapod
Plectropterna minitans8 Hitchcock 1837 tetrapod
Plectropterna lineans8 Hitchcock 1858 tetrapod
Plectropterna gracilis8 Hitchcock 1858 tetrapod
unclassified
  -
 Vermes -
"Cunicularis retrahens" = Cunicularius8, "Unisulcus intermedius" = Herpystezoum8
"Cunicularis retrahens" = Cunicularius8
"Unisulcus intermedius" = Herpystezoum8
numerus
Ichnolites
 Dipodichnites -
Ampelichnus sulcatus
  -
Ampelichnus sulcatus8 Hitchcock 1862
 Ichnofossils -
Grammichnus alpha
  -
Grammichnus alpha8 Hitchcock 1862