Cortina d'Ampezzo (Triassic of Italy)

Where: Venezia, Italy (46.5° N, 12.1° E: paleocoordinates 13.2° N, 19.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Carnian (237.0 - 228.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology:

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: P. M. Kier. 1984. Echinoids from the Triassic (St Cassian) of Italy, their lantern supports and a revised phylogeny of Triassic echinoids. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 56:1-41 [A. Smith/A. Smith]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 56706: authorized by Andrew Smith, entered by Andrew Smith on 23.11.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
? Mesodiadema sp.1
Many isolated plates; Alpe di Specie, Campo, Milieres, Tamarin, Rumerlo, Misurina
Echinoidea
  -
Cidaris forminensis2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris costalarensis2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris scrobiculata2 Braun 1841 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris plana2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris waechteri2 Wissmann 1841 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris milierensis2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris sulcata2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris costeanensis2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris alpina2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris trapezoidalis2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris tetraedrica2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris ovata2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris dorsata2 Braun 1841 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris biconica2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris coralliophila2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris glabra2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris seelandica2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris hausmanni2 Wissmann 1841 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris fustis2 Laube 1865 sea urchin
spines
 Cidaroida - Miocidaridae
Miocidaris cortinensis2 pencil urchin
test fragments - Milieres, Sasso Stria
Miocidaris adrianae2 Zardini 1975 pencil urchin
test fragment - Misurina
cf. Anaulocidaris sp.2 pencil urchin
interambulacral plate
 Cidaroida - Rhabdocidaridae
"Cidaris subcoronata" = Rhabdocidaris subcoronata2
"Cidaris subcoronata" = Rhabdocidaris subcoronata2 Münster 1841 pencil urchin
interambulacral fragments
 Cidaroida -
Leurocidaris montanaro1 Zardini 1973 pencil urchin
3 tests and "many fragments"; Alpe di Specie, Milieres, Campo
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidaris leonardi2 pencil urchin
interambulacral fragment
Cidaris sp.2 Leske 1778 pencil urchin
ambulacral fragments
Cidaris trigonata2 pencil urchin
spines
Cidaris buchi2 pencil urchin
spines
Cidaris verticellata2 pencil urchin
spines
Cidaris alata2 Agassiz 1839 pencil urchin
spines
Cidaris liagora2 Münster 1841 pencil urchin
interambulacral plates
Cidaris roemeri2 Wissmann 1841 pencil urchin
spines
Cidaris subnobilis2 Münster 1841 pencil urchin
Interambulacra
"Miocidaris ampezzana" = Triassicidaris ampezzana2 Zardini 1978 pencil urchin
test fragments - Campo
 Cidaroida -
Paurocidaris rinbianchi1 Zardini 1973 pencil urchin
2 tests;
  -
Cidaris aialensis2 Kier 1977 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris triserrata2 Laube 1865 sea urchin
spines
 Euechinoidea - Triadocidaridae
Triadocidaris a1 sea urchin
interambulacral fragments; Alpe di Specie
Triadocidaris b1 sea urchin
interambulacral fragments; Campo, Alpe di Specie, Milieres
Triadocidaris subsimilis1 Münster 1841 sea urchin
Alpe di Specie, Misurina
Triadocidaris giauensis1 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
test; Forcella Giau
"Triadocidaris venusta" = Triadocidaris venusta1 Münster 1841 sea urchin
Only the type certainly belongs here; Alpi di Specie, Milieres
"Cidaris gerana" = Triadocidaris venusta2 Münster 1841 sea urchin
interambulacra
Triadocidaris suessii1 Laube 1865 sea urchin
interambulacral fragment
Zardinechinus giulinii Kier 1984 sea urchin
tests; Misurina, Stolla, St Cassiano
Zardinechinus lancedelli Zardini 1973 sea urchin
5 tests plus 100s of fragments interambulacra; Milieres, Staolin, Campo
Megaporocidaris mariana Kier 1977 sea urchin
9 tests plus 14 fragments; Alpi di Species, Misurina, Rumerlo
Mikrocidaris pentagona Münster 1841 sea urchin
test from Milieres, Forcella Giau
Levicidaris zardinia Kier 1977 sea urchin
tests plus many fragments; Misurina, Alpe di Species, Boa Staolin, Tamarin
Levicidaris furlani Kier 1984 sea urchin
tests; Stolla, Alpe di Species, Misurina
Levicidaris pfaifferi Kier 1984 sea urchin
test; Misurina
 Plesiocidaroida - Tiarechinidae
Tiarechinus princeps Neumayr 1881 sea urchin
tests; Tamarin
  -
Cidaris costata2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Cidaris spongiosa2 Zardini 1973 sea urchin
spines
Crinoidea
 Encrinida - Traumatocrinidae
Traumatocrinus timoricus2 Sea lily
columnals only
 Encrinida - Encrinidae
Encrinus tuberculatus2 Sea lily
columnals only
Encrinus cancellistriatus2 Sea lily
columnals only
Encrinus cf. raridenatatus2 Sea lily
columnals only
Encrinus ampezzanus2 Sea lily
columnals only
"Encrinus varians" = Cassianocrinus tetarakontadactylus2 Laube 1865 Sea lily
2 cups plus columnals
"Encrinus granulosus" = Zardinicrinus granulosus2 Münster 1834 Sea lily
columnals and attachments only
"Encrinus cassianus" = Chelocrinus cassianus2 Laube 1865 Sea lily
5 cups plus many columnals
 Isocrinida - Isocrinidae
Isocrinus candelabrum2 Sea lily
columnals only
Isocrinus apetalus2 Sea lily
columnals only
Isocrinus sassostriensis2 Sea lily
columnals only
Isocrinus tyrolensis2 Sea lily
columnals only