Sharktooth Hill Bonebed (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as LACM 1625, LACM 1655, LACM 3160, LACM 3162, LACM 3205, LACM 3499, LACM 4173, LACM 4672, LACM 4874, LACM 6069, 6688

Where: Kern County, California (35.5° N, 118.9° W: paleocoordinates 35.3° N, 113.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Round Mountain Silt Member (Temblor Formation), Langhian (16.0 - 13.8 Ma)

• Sharktooth Hill Bonebed

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; siltstone

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the LACM

Primary reference: L. G. Barnes. 1988. A new fossil pinniped (Mammalia: Otariidae) from the middle Miocene Sharktooth Hill Bonebed, California. Contributions in Science 396:1-11 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 59059: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 08.03.2006, edited by Patricia Holroyd, James Parham and Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus serriculus7 dogfish shark
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina lerichei7 Jordan and Beal 1910 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Isuridae
"Isurus planus" = Oxyrhina plana7
"Isurus planus" = Oxyrhina plana7 Agassiz 1856 mackerel shark
 Euselachii - Galeidae
? Triakis sp.7 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp.7 Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
? Trygon of Bishop 1961
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.7 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp.7 Linnaeus 1758 skate
 Echinorhiniformes - Echinorhinidae
Echinorhinus blakei7 Agassiz 1856 shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Notorhynchus sp.7 Ayres 1855 sevengill shark
Hexanchus sp.7 Rafinesque 1810 sixgill shark
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
Cetorhinus sp.7 de Blainville 1816 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Carcharocles megalodon7
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Carcharocles megalodon7 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Also studied in Pimiento and Balk (LACM 115396, LACM 129862-63)
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus sp.7 Agassiz 1843 mako shark
"Isurus hastalis" = Carcharodon hastalis7 Agassiz 1843 white shark
Carcharodon sulcidens7 Agassiz 1843 white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias clavatus7 Agassiz 1844 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion antiquus7 lemon shark
Aprionodon sp.7 Gill 1861 requiem shark
Galeocerdo aduncus7 Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
? Carcharhinus sp.7 de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp.7 Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Scyliorhinidae
Scyliorhinidae indet.7 Gill 1862 cat shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Hemipristis serra7 Agassiz 1843 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
"Eugaleus sp." = Galeorhinus7
"Eugaleus sp." = Galeorhinus7 de Blainville and Prévost 1816 school shark
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
  - Scyllidae
"Scyliorhinus sp." = Scyliorhinus7, "Cephaloscyllium sp." = Scyliorhinus7
"Scyliorhinus sp." = Scyliorhinus7 Blainville 1816 shark
"Cephaloscyllium sp." = Scyliorhinus7 Blainville 1816 shark
Actinopteri
 Perciformes -
Scombroidea indet.7 Rafinesque-Schmaltz 1815 perch-like fish
Reptilia
 Testudines - Dermochelyidae
Dermochelyidae sp.6 Lydekker 1889 leatherback
Chelonia ? californiensis7 Gilmore 1937 leatherback
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
cf. Syllomus aegyptiacus6 Lydekker 1899 sea turtle
 Testudines - Pancheloniidae
Euclastes hutchisoni n. sp.6 Lynch and Parham 2003 turtle
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Recurvirostridae
Recurvirostra sp.7 Linnaeus 1758 avocet
 Ornithurae - Pelagornithidae
Osteodontornis orri9 Howard 1957 bird
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet.5 Vigors 1825 waterfowl
Branta sp.7 Scopoli 1769 goose
Presbychen abavus n. gen. n. sp.11 Wetmore 1930 duck
 Procellariiformes - Diomedeidae
Diomedea milleri n. sp.3, "Diomedea californica" = Phoebastria anglica3
Diomedea milleri n. sp.3 Howard 1966 albatross
"Diomedea californica" = Phoebastria anglica3 Lydekker 1891 albatross
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Fulmarus miocaenus n. sp.4 Howard 1984 petrel
Puffinus sp.11 Brisson 1760 shearwater
Puffinus mitchelli7 Miller 1961 shearwater
Puffinus inceptor n. sp.11 Wetmore 1930 shearwater
Puffinus ? inceptor3 Wetmore 1930 shearwater
Puffinus priscus3 Miller 1961 shearwater
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae indet.4 Sundevall 1836 stork
 Phoenicopteriformes - Palaelodidae
Megapaloelodus sp.4 Miller 1944 swimming flamingo
 Accipitriformes - Pandionidae
Pandion homalopteron n. sp.10 Warter 1976 osprey
LACM 42815
 Suliformes - Sulidae
Sulidae indet.5 Reichenbach 1849 booby
Morus sp.7 Vieillot 1816 gannet
Morus vagabundus n. sp.11 Wetmore 1930 gannet
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Paleoparadoxiidae
Paleoparadoxia tabatai2 Tokunaga 1939 desmostylian
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Miotapirus sp.8 Schlaikjer 1937 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hypohippus sp.8 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
LACM 30162, LACM 123460
 Carnivora - Odobenidae
Pelagiarctos thomasi n. gen. n. sp.
Pelagiarctos thomasi n. gen. n. sp. Barnes 1988 walrus
 Carnivora - Desmatophocidae
Allodesmus kernensis1 Kellogg 1922 pinniped
 Carnivora - Canidae
Paratomarctus cf. temerarius8 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
Bouromeryx americanus8 Douglass 1899 ruminant
LACM 4331