Castleton area, marginal shelf and back reef (Carboniferous of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (53.3° N, 1.8° W: paleocoordinates 6.4° S, 1.6° E)

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: D1 zone, Asbian (339.4 - 336.0 Ma)

• Formation name unknown = "D1 limestone with Cyrtina band."

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: perireef or subreef; lithified, ooidal, shelly/skeletal packstone

• rocks that occur with about a qtr-mile of the reef [presumably the marginal shelf and back reef rocks] are calcarenites with less than 10% quartz and from 10-80% oolitic grains. [called spergenites]. they are composed of shell debris, simple, composite and oolitic grains set in a clear calcite cement. clay sized crystals...are almost absent.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: peel or thin section,

Primary reference: E. B. Wolfenden. 1958. Paleoecology of the Carboniferous reef complex and shelf limestones in the northwest Derbyshire, England. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 69:871-898 [J. Alroy/M. Sommers]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 5991: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Mike Sommers on 12.01.2000, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Girvanella
  -
 Foraminiferida -
"Foraminiferida indet." = Foraminifera
"Foraminiferida indet." = Foraminifera d'Orbigny 1826 foram
Trilobita
 Proetida - Proetidae
Phillipsia sp. Portlock 1843 trilobite
Strophomenata
 Productida - Aulostegidae
Sinuatella sinuata de Koninck 1851
 Productida - Echinoconchidae
 Productida - Productellidae
 Productida - Productidae
 Productida - Monticuliferidae
 Productida - Linoproductidae
 Productida - Daviesiellidae
 Productida - Chonetidae
 Orthotetida - Pulsiidae
Rhynchonellata
 Athyridida - Athyrididae
 Terebratulida - Dielasmatidae
 Spiriferida - Trigonotretidae
"Spirifer striatus" = Neospirifer striatus
"Spirifer striatus" = Neospirifer striatus Martin 1809
 Spiriferida - Spiriferidae
Spirifer sp. Sowerby 1818
Spirifer bisulcatus Sowerby 1825
 Spiriferida - Martiniidae
Martinia glabra Sowerby 1821
 Atrypida - Davidsoniidae
 Rhynchonellida - Pugnacidae
 Orthida - Schizophoriidae
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
Parallelodon sp. Meek and Worthen 1866 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pseudamusium sp." = Amusium (Pseudamussium)
"Pseudamusium sp." = Amusium (Pseudamussium) Adams and Adams scallop
species listed as "concentrico-lineatum"
 Ostreida - Pterineidae
"Leiopteria sp." = Leptodesma (Leiopteria)
"Leiopteria sp." = Leptodesma (Leiopteria) Hall 1883 oyster
 Cardiidia - Sanguinolitidae
Sanguinolites sp. M'Coy 1844 clam
 Pholadomyida - Edmondiidae
Gastropoda
 Euomphalina - Euomphalidae
Euomphalus pentangulatus Sowerby 1814 snail
Straparollus sp. de Montfort 1810 snail
 Bellerophontida -
Bellerophontoidea indet. M'Coy 1851 snail
 Neritoidea - Naticopsidae
Naticopsis sp. M'Coy 1844 snail
Cephalopoda
 Goniatitida - Goniatitidae
Goniatites sp. Haan 1825 ammonite
 Nautiloidea -
Nautiloidea indet. Agassiz 1847 nautiloid
Stenolaemata
 Fenestrida - Fenestellidae
Fenestella sp. Lonsdale 1839
Crinoidea
  -
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
Demospongea
 Chaetetida - Chaetetidae
Anthozoa
 Auloporida - Syringoporidae
Syringopora sp. Goldfuss 1826 tabulate coral
 Stauriida - Lithostrotionidae
 Stauriida - Palaeosmiliidae
Palaeosmilia murchisoni Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 horn coral
 Stauriida - Aulophyllidae
Dibunophyllum bipartitum McCoy 1849 horn coral
 Stauriida - Cyathopsidae
Caninia sp. Michelin 1840 horn coral
Dasycladophyceae
 Dasycladales -
Rhodophyceae
  - Solenoporaceae
Solenopora sp. Dybowski 1877