Bed 3,LACMIP Locality 17685, Gaillard Cut, Culebra Fm (Miocene of Panama)

Also known as Reef 2776

Where: Panama (9.1° N, 79.7° W: paleocoordinates 8.1° N, 77.3° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Emperador Limestone Member (Culebra Formation), Aquitanian (23.0 - 20.4 Ma)

• The thickness for the formation is about 150 m at this point. meters indicate distance to border of Las Cascadas Formation; beds about 4 m thick. AGE: Early Miocene in text; direct date extrapolated from Cheetham et al. (1999), =Aquitanian.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified reef rocks and lithified grainstone

• paleoenviroment: back reef, reef crest; Tectonic setting: could also be an active rift basin
• branching coral boundstone; calcarenite

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the LACM

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: K. G. Johnson and M. X. Kirby. 2006. The Emperador Limestone rediscovered: early miocene corals from the Culebra Formation, Panama. Journal of Paleontology 80(2):283-293 [W. Kiessling/T. Schossleitner/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 60259: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Thomas Schossleitner on 08.05.2006

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Scleractinia - Poritidae
Porites baracoaensis Vaughan 1919 stony coral
Porites anguillensis Vaughan 1919 stony coral
Porites macdonaldi Vaughan 1919 stony coral
Porites waylandi Foster 1986 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Agariciidae
Pavona panamensis Vaughan 1919 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Montastraeidae
"Montastrea endotheca" = Montastraea, Montastrea imperatoris, "Montastrea canalis" = Montastraea endothecata
"Montastrea endotheca" = Montastraea stony coral
listed as Montastraea
Montastrea imperatoris Vaughan 1919 stony coral
listed as Montastraea
"Montastrea canalis" = Montastraea endothecata Duncan 1863 stony coral
listed as Montastraea
 Scleractinia - Acroporidae
Acropora saludensis Vaughan 1919 stony coral