Locality WA 20 - Unit 2 (Canepatch Fm) (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Horry County, South Carolina (33.8° N, 78.9° W: paleocoordinates 33.9° N, 78.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Canepatch Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Unit 2; Canepatch Fm (Pleistocene age). Unknown stratigraphic possition (unit names in faunal table do not match up with those from lithologic column). Local section name: Nixonville. Basinal/regional section name: Intracoastal Waterway

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified, fine-grained, shelly/skeletal, gray, sandy sandstone

• No environmental information reported.
• Sand, quartz, medium to coarse, subangular to subrounded, frosted, yellowish gray, macrofossils abundant, well preserved, commonly life-orented.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Unknown repository.

Primary reference: J. R. DuBar. 1971. Neogene Stratigraphy of the lower Coast Plain of the Carolinas. Atlantic Coastal Plain Geological Association 12th Annual Field Conference [A. Miller/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 60928: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 27.05.2006

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Not exhaustive for mollusca, but containing common forms, with excellent nomenclature.
Echinoidea indet. Leske 1778 sea urchin
 Heterostropha - Pyramidellidae
"Odostomia fusca" = Sayella fusca Adams 1839 snail
Turbonilla interrupta Totten 1835 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiopsidae
"Seila adamsi" = Seila adamsii, "Triphora pulchella" = Horologica pupa
"Seila adamsi" = Seila adamsii Lea 1845 snail
"Triphora pulchella" = Horologica pupa Dall and Simpson 1901 snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Urosalpinx cinerea Say 1822 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus sp. Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella mutica Say 1822 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
"Anachis avara" = Costoanachis avara, "Mitrella lunata" = Astyris lunata
"Anachis avara" = Costoanachis avara Say 1822 snail
Subspecies: A. avara translirata
"Mitrella lunata" = Astyris lunata Say 1826 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
"Cantharus tinctus" = Gemophos tinctus
"Cantharus tinctus" = Gemophos tinctus Conrad 1846 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Cancellaria reticulata Emmon 1858 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
"Polinices duplicatus" = Neverita duplicatus
"Polinices duplicatus" = Neverita duplicatus Say 1822 moon snail
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
Crepidula plana Say 1822 slipper shell
 Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae
"Retusa canaliculata" = Acteocina canaliculata
"Retusa canaliculata" = Acteocina canaliculata Say 1826 barrel-bubble
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Lucina punctulata, "Divaricella quadrisulcata" = Divalinga quadrisulcata, "Phacoides multilineatus" = Parvilucina multistriata
"Divaricella quadrisulcata" = Divalinga quadrisulcata d'Orbigny 1846 clam
"Phacoides multilineatus" = Parvilucina multistriata Conrad 1841 clam
 Thraciida - Periplomatidae
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Petricola pholadiformis" = Petricolaria pholadiformis, "Transenella carolinensis" = Transennella, Mercenaria campechiensis, "Macrocallista nimbosa" = Macrocallista (Macrocallista) nimbosa, Gemma magna
"Petricola pholadiformis" = Petricolaria pholadiformis Lamarck 1818 venus clam
"Transenella carolinensis" = Transennella venus clam
Mercenaria campechiensis Gmelin 1791 quahog
"Macrocallista nimbosa" = Macrocallista (Macrocallista) nimbosa Solander 1786 venus clam
Gemma magna Dall 1903 venus clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Mulinia lateralis, "Spisula solidissima" = Hemimactra solidissima
Mulinia lateralis Say 1822 clam
"Spisula solidissima" = Hemimactra solidissima Dilwyn 1817 clam
 Cardiida - Erycinidae
 Cardiida - Montacutidae
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellidora cristata Récluz 1842 tellin clam
"Tellina texana" = Angulus texanus Dall 1900 tellin clam
Macoma sp. Leach 1819 tellin clam
"Tellina alternata" = Tellina (Eurytellina) alternata Say 1822 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Abra aequalis Say 1822 abra
Ervilia concentrica Holmes 1858 clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax sp., "Donax variabilis" = Serrula variabilis
Donax sp. Linnaeus 1758 clam
"Donax variabilis" = Serrula variabilis Say 1822 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Laevicardium mortoni Conrad 1831 cockle
 Cardiida - Sportellidae
Sportella sp. Deshayes 1858 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassinella lunulata Conrad 1834 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Chlamys (Aequipecten) gibbus" = Argopecten gibbus
"Chlamys (Aequipecten) gibbus" = Argopecten gibbus Linnaeus 1758 calico scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia simplex d'Orbigny 1845 jingle
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Anadara transversa" = Anadara (Larkinia) transversa
"Anadara transversa" = Anadara (Larkinia) transversa Say 1822 ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris americana Defrance 1826 clam
 Nuculanida - Nuculanidae
Nuculana acuta Conrad 1832 pointed nut clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima Say 1820 Atlantic Nut Clam
 Cheilostomata - Smittinidae
 Cheilostomata - Schizoporellidae
 Cheilostomata - Membraniporidae
 Decapoda -
Decapoda indet. Latreille 1802 decapod
 Balanomorpha - Balanidae
Balanus sp. Da Costa 1778 barnacle
 Scleractinia - Rhizangiidae
Septastrea crassa Holmes 1860 stony coral
Spelt: Septastraea
 Clavulina - Clionaidae
Cliona sp. demosponge
 Rotalioidea - Elphidiidae
 Miliolida - Hauerinidae