Cross (Loc. 27) - Lower Goose Creek Lmst (Encope level) (Pliocene of the United States)

Where: Berkeley County, South Carolina (33.3° N, 80.1° W: paleocoordinates 33.4° N, 79.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Lower Member (Goose Creek Formation), Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• Local section name: Cross. Basinal/regional section name: Berkeley.

•The Goose Creek Limestone is divisible into lower and upper biostratigraphic units, coincident with lith division, seperated by an unconformity. The Raysor Marl unconformably overlies the lower Goose Creek Limestone. The lower Goose Creek Limestone is of late middle Pliocene (~3.8-3.9 Ma). From Encope horizon

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; lithified, medium-grained, coarse, phosphatic, gray, white, sandy, calcareous limestone

• No environmental data reported.
• At its type section, the Goose Limestone is a medium-coarse grained quartzose and phosphatic, sparsely shelly, pale buff gray to chalk white calcarenite.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast, mold/impression, midden

Reposited in the USNM

Collection methods: quarrying,

• New USCS collection. Material reposited in Converse College, Charleston Museum, USNM and USCS.

Primary reference: M.R. Campbell and L.D. Campbell. 1995. Preliminary biostratigraphy and molluscan fauna of the Goose Creek Limestone of eastern South Carolina. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology 27:53-100 [A. Miller/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 60940: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 28.05.2006

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Exhaustive for Mollusca. Nomenclature is authoritative and modern.
 Discinida - Disciniidae
Discinisca lugubris Conrad 1834
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
Crucibulum scutellatum slipper shell
latex cast
Calyptraea centralis Conrad 1841 slipper shell
latex cast
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
latex cast
 Sorbeoconcha - Cassidae
"Sconsia hodgei" = Sconsia hodgii
"Sconsia hodgei" = Sconsia hodgii Conrad 1841 snail
latex cast
 Sorbeoconcha - Ficidae
Ficus jacksonensis fig shell
latex cast
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
"Aurinia mutabilis" = Volutifusus mutabilis
"Aurinia mutabilis" = Volutifusus mutabilis Conrad 1834 volute
latex cast
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Ecphora quadricostata Conrad 1830 murex snail
calcitic shell
Calotrophon ostrearum Conrad 1846 murex snail
latex cast
Urosalpinx trossula murex snail
latex cast
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Busycon maximum whelk
latex cast
Busycon incile whelk
internal mold
Busycon contrarium Conrad 1840 whelk
latex cast
"Busycon pyrum" = Busycotypus spiratus Lamarck 1816 whelk
Subspecies: B. pyrum excavatum; latex cast
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Terebraspira sparrowi snail
internal and extenal mold
"Triplofusus gigantea" = Triplofusus giganteus Kiener 1840 snail
latex cast
Fasciolaria rhomboidea tulip snail
latex cast
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassarius quadrulatus snail
latex cast
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Oliva canaliculata olive snail
internal mold
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
"Conus presozoni" = Conus delessertii, "Conus adversarius" = Conus (Contraconus) adversarius, Conus marylandicus
"Conus presozoni" = Conus delessertii Récluz 1843 cone shell
latex cast
"Conus adversarius" = Conus (Contraconus) adversarius Conrad 1840 cone shell
internal and external molds
Conus marylandicus Green 1830 cone shell
latex cast
 Sorbeoconcha - Vermetidae
Serpulorbis granifer worm shell
latex cast
Petaloconchus sculpturatus Lea 1846 worm shell
latex cast
 Sorbeoconcha - Epitoniidae
Epitonium duplinianum wentletrap
calcitc shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
Euspira sayana moon snail
latex cast
Euspira interna moon snail
latex cast
Sinum chesapeakensis Campbell 1993 moon snail
internal mold
Sinum perspectivum Say 1831 moon snail
internal mold
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella etiwanensis turret shell
Includes: T. etiwanensis (slender form)latex cast
Turritella holmesi turret shell
latex cast
Turritella burdeni turret shell
larex cast
Turritella perexilis turret shell
external mold and latex cast
 Lepetellida - Fissurellidae
Diodora auroraensis Ward and Blackwelder 1987 snail
latex cast
 Heterostropha - Architectonicidae
Architectonica nobilis Röding 1798 sundial
internal and external mold
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Lithophaga sp. Röding 1798 mussel
extenal mold and burrow lining
Modiolus gigas mussel
internal and extenal molds
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria colymbus Röding 1798 pearl oyster
calcitic shell
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
Hyotissa haitensis Sowerby 1850 oyster
calcitic shell
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea compressirostrea oyster
calcitic shell
Ostrea locklini oyster
calcitic shell
"Ostrea sculpturata" = Conradostrea sculpturata Conrad 1840 oyster
calcitic shell
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
"Plicatula marginata" = Plicatula gibbosa
"Plicatula marginata" = Plicatula gibbosa Lamarck 1801 scallop
calcitic shell
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Placunanomia burnsi Mansfield 1939 scallop
calcitic shell
Placunanomia plicata Tuomey and Holmes 1857 scallop
calcitic shell
Anomia simplex d'Orbigny 1845 jingle
calcitic shell
 Pectinida - Limidae
Limaria carolinensis Dall 1898 file clam
calcitic shell
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus sp. Linnaeus 1758 scallop
calcitic shell
Chlamys decemnarius Conrad 1834 scallop
calcitic shell
Chesapecten madisonius Say 1824 scallop
Subspecies: C. madisonius carolinensis; calcitic shell
"Chesapecten septenarius" = Chesapecten jeffersonius septenarius Say 1824 scallop
calcitic shell
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
Pecten hemicyclicus Ravenel 1834 scallop
calcitic shell
Carolinapecten eboreus Conrad 1833 scallop
Subspecies: C. eboreus eboreus; calcitic shell
Leptopecten leonensis scallop
calcitic shell
Amusium mortoni Ravenel 1844 scallop
calcitic shell
Argopecten comparilis calico scallop
calcitic shell
Nodipecten collierensis scallop
calcitic shell
 Arcida - Noetiidae
Noetia trigintinaria clam
internal mold
Noetia incile Say 1824 clam
internal mold
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris americana Defrance 1826 clam
Subspecies: G. americana americana and G. americana quinquerugata; internal and extenal molds
"Glycymeris subovata" = Costaglycymeris subovata Say 1824 clam
internal mold
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Anadara lienosa" = Anadara (Rasia) lienosa
"Anadara lienosa" = Anadara (Rasia) lienosa Say 1832 ark
latex cast
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Radiolucina tuomeyi, "Lucinisca cribraria" = Lucinisca cribrarius, "Linga pensylvanica" = Lucina pensylvanica, "Pseudomiltha anodonta" = Stewartia anodonta, "Ctena speciosa" = Ctena (Ctena) speciosa, Divalinga quadrisulcata
Radiolucina tuomeyi clam
external mold, latex cast
"Lucinisca cribraria" = Lucinisca cribrarius Say 1824 clam
latex cast
"Linga pensylvanica" = Lucina pensylvanica Linnaeus 1758 clam
internal mold [entered as Linga pennsylvanica]
"Pseudomiltha anodonta" = Stewartia anodonta Say 1824 clam
internal mold
"Ctena speciosa" = Ctena (Ctena) speciosa Rogers and Rogers 1837 clam
latex cast
Divalinga quadrisulcata d'Orbigny 1846 clam
latex cast
 Solenida - Pharidae
Ensis directus Conrad 1844 clam
internal mold, latex cast
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
Panopea reflexa clam
internal mold
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
Verticordia emmonsi clam
partly preserved shell
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
Thracia magna, "Cyathodonta dalli" = Thracia (Cyathodonta)
Thracia magna clam
internal mold
"Cyathodonta dalli" = Thracia (Cyathodonta) clam
molds, latex cast
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Dinocardium robustum Lightfoot 1786 cockle
internal mold
Planicardium acutilaqueatum cockle
internal mold
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Semele carinata Conrad 1830 clam
latex cast
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Hemimetis magnoliana tellin clam
external mold, latex cast
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
Diplodonta punctulata clam
latex cast
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Arcinella cornuta Conrad 1866 jewel box
latex cast
Pseudochama corticosa jewel box
latex cast
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Macrocallista albaria Say 1830 venus clam
internal mold
"Chione (Lirophora) latilirata" = Lirophora (Lirophora) latilirata Conrad 1841 venus clam
latex cast
Chione erosa venus clam
latex cast
Dosinia acetabulum Conrad 1832 venus clam
internal mold
Mercenaria corrugata quahog
Includes subspecies: M. corrugata tridacnoides; internal and external molds
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Mulinia congesta, "Spisula solidissima" = Hemimactra solidissima
Mulinia congesta Conrad 1833 clam
internal and external mold
"Spisula solidissima" = Hemimactra solidissima Dilwyn 1817 clam
internal mold
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena lingula clam
internal mold
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Teredina fistula clam
internal mold
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cyclocardia granulata Say 1824 clam
latex cast
 Carditida - Astartidae
Astarte vaughani clam
latex cast
Astarte concentrica Conrad 1834 clam
latex cast
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Eucrassatella virginica clam
latex cast
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima Say 1820 Atlantic Nut Clam
latex cast
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Nuculana acuta Conrad 1832 pointed nut clam
latex cast
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium attenuatum Say 1824 tusk shell
external attenuatum
Annelida indet. Lamarck 1809
Decapoda indet. Latreille 1802 decapod
 Spatangoida - Loveniidae
Echinocardium orthonotum Conrad 1843 heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Spatangidae
Spatangus glenni Cooke 1959 heart urchin
 Clypeasteroida - Mellitidae
Encope macrophora Ravenel 1842 sand dollar
Mellita carolinana sand dollar
 Camarodonta - Echinidae
Psammechinus philanthropus Conrad 1843 sea urchin
 Arbacioida - Arbaciidae
Arbacia improcera Conrad 1843 sea urchin
 Mysticeti - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804 rorqual
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Carcharodon sp. Smith 1838 white shark
 Cheilostomata -
 Ctenostomata -
 Scleractinia - Rhizangiidae
Septastrea marylandica Conrad 1841 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
Paracyathus vaughani Gane 1895 stony coral
 Ichnofossils -
Ophiomorpha sp. Lundgren 1891