No. 2 Pit, Aveley, Essex - London Clay (Eocene of the United Kingdom)

Where: United Kingdom (51.5° N, 0.3° W: paleocoordinates 47.0° N, 2.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: B Member (London Clay Formation), Ypresian (56.0 - 47.8 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: Collection is a composite of members B1 and B2 of the London Clay. THICKNESS: From section between 30-35 m thick. AGE: Ypresian. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: About 30-35 m of the lower London Clay, about 30 m above the base of the London Clay is exposed, comprising division B1 and B2.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; poorly lithified, concretionary, gray, blue, silty claystone

• ENVIRONMENT: No environmental reported in text.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Stiff, blue-grey, silty clay, weathering brown, with little obvious bedding. LITHIFICATION: Poorly-lithified, based on figured specimens and facies description.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast, mold/impression

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

• COLLECTORS: Many collectors, dating several decades. REPOSITORY: Not stated.

Primary reference: R. J. Williams. 2002. Observations on the London Clay excavation at Aveley, Essex. Tertiary Research 21(1-4):95-112 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 76601: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 24.11.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COMPLETENESS: Exhaustive for all taxonomic groups (invertebrates, vertebrates). NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, but using modern nomenclature, and species level designations.
unclassified
  -
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Nephropidae
? Nephrops sp. Leach 1814 clawed lobster
Hoploparia gammaroides McCoy 1849 clawed lobster
Homarus morrisi Quayle 1987 clawed lobster
 Decapoda - Palinuridae
Linuparus scyllariformis Bell 1858 spiny lobster
Archaeocarabus sp. McCoy 1849 spiny lobster
 Decapoda - Glypheidae
 Decapoda - Ctenochelidae
Ctenocheles sp. Kishinouye 1926 decapod
 Decapoda - Sphaerodromiidae
Dromilites bucklandi Milne-Edwards 1837 crab
Dromilites simplex Quayle and Collins 1981 crab
 Decapoda - Homolidae
? Homolopsis sp. Bell 1863 crab
 Decapoda - Raninidae
"Laeviranina gottschei" = Raninoides gottschei
"Laeviranina gottschei" = Raninoides gottschei Bohm 1927 crab
 Decapoda - Cenomanocarcinidae
 Decapoda - Tumidocarcinidae
Xanthilites bowerbanki Bell 1858 crab
 Decapoda - Zanthopsidae
 Decapoda - Xanthidae
Cyclocorystes pulchellus Bell 1858 stone crab
 Decapoda - Goniochelidae
Goniochele angulata Bell 1858 crab
 Decapoda - Macropipidae
Portunites incerta Bell 1858 crab
Maxillopoda
 Scalpelliformes - Scalpellidae
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
 Serpulimorpha -
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Propeamussiidae
"Pecten duplicatus" = Cyclopecten duplicatus
"Pecten duplicatus" = Cyclopecten duplicatus Sowerby 1824 mud scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
"Anomia scabrosa" = Heteranomia scabrosa
"Anomia scabrosa" = Heteranomia scabrosa Wood 1861 scallop
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria papyracia pearl oyster
Pteria media pearl oyster
 Pholadida - Teredinidae
Teredo sp. Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Abra splendens Sowerby 1837 abra
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
Thracia oblata Sowerby 1826 clam
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
 Poromyida - Cuspidariidae
 Lucinida - Thyasiridae
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Nuculana amygdaloides pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
Patella sp. Linnaeus 1758 limpet
 Thecosomata - Spiratellidae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Siphonalia sp. Adams 1863 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Streptolathyrus trilineatus" = Streptochetus (Streptolathyrus) snail
Streptolathyrus cymatodis Edwards 1866 snail
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Murex sp. Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Turricula teretrium Edwards 1857 turrid
"Hemipleurotoma wetherelli" = Gemmula turrid
"Hemipleurotoma macrobia" = Gemmula turrid
Surculites errans Solander 1766 turrid
Eopleurotoma simillima Edwards 1861 turrid
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
Bathytoma granata Edwards 1861 snail
 Stromboidea - Rostellariidae
Tibia lucida Sowerby 1815 snail
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Ficus londini fig shell
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Euspira glaucinoides Sowerby 1812 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Cypraea sp. Linnaeus 1758 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
"Galeodea gallica" = Galeodea (Mambrinia) gallica Wrigley 1934 snail
 Architectibranchia - Acteonidae
Tornatellaea simulata Solander 1766 snail
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
"Stellaxis pulcher" = Architectonica (Stellaxis)
"Stellaxis pulcher" = Architectonica (Stellaxis) sundial
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Laevidentaliidae
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Antalis anceps tusk shell
Cephalopoda
 Sepiida - Sepiidae
Belosepia sp. Bronn 1838 cuttlefish
 Nautilida - Hercoglossidae
Deltoidonautilus sowerbyi Wetherell 1843 nautiloid
 Nautilida - Nautilidae
Simplicioceras centrale Sowerby 1812 nautiloid
Euciphoceras regale Sowerby 1823 nautiloid
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus minor Daimeries 1888 dogfish shark
Isistius trituratus Winkler 1874 dogfish shark
 Lamniformes -
Isurolamna affinis mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Otodus obliquus" = Lamna obliqua
"Otodus obliquus" = Lamna obliqua Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Striatolamia macrota Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
Odontaspis winkleri Leriche 1905 sand tiger shark
Carcharias hopei sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Abdounia sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes -
Pachygaleus lefevrei Daimeries 1891 ground shark
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816 shark
 Euselachii - Mitsukurinidae
Actinopteri
 Anguilliformes - Ophichthidae
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Eocoelopoma sp. Woodward 1901
 Ophidiiformes - Ophididae
Ampheristus toliapicus K├Ânig 1825
 Gadiformes - Merlucciidae
Rhinocephalus sp. Casier 1966
 Aulopiformes - Aulopidae
Osteichthyes
  -
Halecopsis insignis Delvaux and Orlieb 1844
Reptilia
 Squamata - Palaeophiidae
Palaeophis toliapicus Owen 1841 snake
Asteroidea
 Paxillosida - Astropectinidae
Lophidiaster concavus Rasmussen 1972 sea star
 Valvatida - Goniasteridae
"Teichaster stokesi" = Goniaster (Astrogonium) stokesii
"Teichaster stokesi" = Goniaster (Astrogonium) stokesii Forbes 1848 sea star
Echinoidea
 Arbacioida - Arbaciidae
Crinoidea
 Bourgueticrinida - Bathycrinidae
 Comatulida -
 Isocrinida - Isselicrinidae
 Isocrinida -
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Cancellothyrididae
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Micrabaciidae
Stephanophyllia sp. Michelin 1841 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
 Octocorallia -