Khovboor (PIN coll. 3101) [SMPE] (Cretaceous to of Mongolia)

Also known as Guchin Us Somon; Khoobur; Khobur; Khoboor; Hobur; Höövör; Khoboor, Guchinus

Where: Ovorhangai, Mongolia (42.5° N, 102.4° E: paleocoordinates 43.3° N, 99.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Dzunbain Formation, Aptian to Aptian (125.0 - 100.5 Ma)

• "Lower Cretaceous (possibly Aptian)" and from the Khukhtekskaya Svita = Dzunbayn = Dzunbain Formation according to Dashzeveg 1975, but "? Aptian or Albian" according to Wible et al. 2001. Shown in column as "Khobur" beds (Shuvalov, 1974).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; poorly lithified sandstone

• from illustrated section column in Shuvalov 1974: "unconsolidated and weakly cemented sandstones"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by SMPE (1970s), MAE (1990s) in 1969–1970s, 1991, 1997, 1999; reposited in the PIN

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• original collections consisted of "About seven tons of sediments... have been washed and screened" and the collection "is housed in the Palaeontological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences" under the charge of B. A. Trofimov

Primary reference: V. F. Shuvalov. 1974. O geologicheskom stroenii i vozraste mestonakhozhdenii Khobur i Khuren-Dukh [On the geology and age of the Khobur and Khuren-Dukh localities]. In N. N. Kramarenko, B. Luvsandansan, Yu. I. Voronin, R. Barsbold, A. K. Rozhdestve (eds.), Mesozoic and Cenozoic Faunas and Biostratigraphy of Mongolia; The Joint Soviet-Mongolian Paleontological Expedition, Transactions 1:296-304 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 77191: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 28.12.2007, edited by Roger Benson, Matthew Carrano and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Dashzeveg reports that four taxa have been "named but not described" by Trofimov in Beliayeva et al. 1974: Gobioconodon borissiaki, Gobiodon infinitus, Prokennalestes kozlovi, and Prozalambdalestes simpsoni

•numerous later papers by Trofimov, Kielan-Jaworowska, Dashzeveg, and others report the remaining fauna

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Eodiscoglossus sp.12 Villalta 1957 painted frog
fragments of L maxilla
Reptilia
 Testudines - Macrobaenidae
Hangaiemys hoburensis8 Sukhanov and Narmandakh 1974 turtle
 Testudines - Lindholmemydidae
Mongolemys sp.8 Khosatzky and Mlynarski 1971 turtle
 Saurischia -
Sauropoda indet.8 Marsh 1878 sauropod
 Ornithischia - Ankylosauridae
Shamosaurus scutatus13 Tumanova 1983 ornithischian
PIN N3101
 Neornithischia -
Psittacosaurus mongoliensis Osborn 1923 ornithischian
 Squamata - Xenosauridae
Xenosauridae indet.1 Cope 1866 squamates
 Squamata - Dorsetisauridae
Dorsetisaurus sp.1 Hoffstetter 1967 squamates
"numerous isolated maxillae and dentaries" (Alifanov 2000)
 Squamata -
"Iguania" indet.2 squamates
"numerous unpaired and rugose iguanian-like frontals with a clear incision on their parietal border for the parietal opening"
 Squamata - Priscagamidae
Priscagamidae indet.1 Borsuk-Bialynicka and Moody 1984 squamates
 Squamata -
Hoburogekko suchanovi n. gen. n. sp.3 Alifanov 1989 squamates
in Alifanov (1989); PIN 3334-500 - holotype (most of the muzzle); referred specimen: PIN 3334-503 (partial jaw)
Lacertilia indet.8 lizard
"new form"
 Squamata - Slavoiidae
Slavoia sp.1 Sulimski 1984 lizard
 Squamata -
"Hodzhaculia sp." = Hodzhakulia1
"Hodzhaculia sp." = Hodzhakulia1 Nessov 1985 worm lizard
 Squamata - Xantusiidae
"Xantusidae indet." = Xantusiidae1
"Xantusidae indet." = Xantusiidae1 Baird 1858 night lizard
 Squamata - Paramacellodidae
Paramacellodidae indet.1 Estes 1983 squamates
Mammalia
  -
"Gobiodon infinitus n. gen. n. sp." = Gobiotheriodon infinitus8
"Gobiodon infinitus n. gen. n. sp." = Gobiotheriodon infinitus8 Trofimov 1980 mammal
"gen. et sp. nov."
 Eutriconodonta - Gobiconodontidae
"Guchinodon hoburensis n. gen. n. sp." = Gobiconodon hoburensis7, Gobiconodon borissiaki n. sp.8
"Guchinodon hoburensis n. gen. n. sp." = Gobiconodon hoburensis7 Trofimov 1978 mammal
plus PSS 10-37a (partial right maxilla), 10-37b (partial left maxilla), 10-37c (partial right dentary), 10-21 (crown of right m5)
Gobiconodon borissiaki n. sp.8 Trofimov 1978 mammal
"gen. et sp. nov.", PSS-MAE-104, right petrosal
 Tribosphenida -
Kielantherium gobiensis n. gen. n. sp.4, Hovurlestes noyon n. gen. n. sp.11, Prozalambdalestes simpsoni n. gen. n. sp.8, Prokennalestes minor n. sp.9, Prokennalestes trofimovi n. gen. n. sp.9, Prokennalestes kozlovi n. gen. n. sp.8
Kielantherium gobiensis n. gen. n. sp.4 Dashzeveg 1975 mammal
Including holotype, a mandible reported by Dashvezeg & Kielan-Jaworowska (1984) (GI PST 10-16), and specimens reported by Lopatin & Averianov (2007): PIN 3101/110 (upper molar), PIN 3101/32 (dentary fragment)
Hovurlestes noyon n. gen. n. sp.11 Lopatin and Averianov 2018 eutherian
PIN, no. 3101/111 - holotype
Prozalambdalestes simpsoni n. gen. n. sp.8 Trofimov 1974 eutherian
Prokennalestes minor n. sp.9 Kielan-Jaworowska and Dashzeveg 1989 eutherian
19 specimens, plus 2 specimen reported by Sigogneau-Russell et al (1992)
Prokennalestes trofimovi n. gen. n. sp.9 Kielan-Jaworowska and Dashzeveg 1989 eutherian
19 specimens, plus 2 specimen reported by Sigogneau-Russell et al (1992)
Prokennalestes kozlovi n. gen. n. sp.8 Trofimov 1974 eutherian
 Theriiformes -
"Arguimus khosbajari n. gen. n. sp." = Arguimus khosbajari5, "Arguitherium cromptoni n. gen. n. sp." = Arguimus khosbajari6
"Arguimus khosbajari n. gen. n. sp." = Arguimus khosbajari5 Dashzeveg 1979 mammal
GISPS 10-15 (holotype dentary fragment)
"Arguitherium cromptoni n. gen. n. sp." = Arguimus khosbajari6 Dashzeveg 1979 mammal
PS 10-31 (holotype partial dentary) reported by Dashvezeg & Kielan-Jaworowska (1998)
 Multituberculata - Arginbaataridae
Arginbaatar dimitrievae n. gen. n. sp.10
Arginbaatar dimitrievae n. gen. n. sp.10 Trofimov 1980 multituberculate
many specimens
 Multituberculata - Plagiaulacidae
Plagiaulacidae indet. Gill 1872 multituberculate
"gen. et sp. nov."
 Multituberculata - Eobaataridae
Eobaatar minor n. sp.10, Eobaatar magnus n. gen. n. sp.10, Monobaatar mimicus n. gen. n. sp.10
Eobaatar minor n. sp.10 Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987 multituberculate
PIN 3101/70 (holotype right mandible) and GI PST 10-23 (anterior part of a left P4)
Eobaatar magnus n. gen. n. sp.10 Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987 multituberculate
PIN 3101/57 (holotype left P4) and other specimens
Monobaatar mimicus n. gen. n. sp.10 Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987 multituberculate
PIN 3101/65 (holotype partial left maxilla), 3101/74 (left maxilla), GI PST 10-26 (?P4), 3101/61 (left M2))