Bösendürnbach house construction (Miocene of Austria)

Where: Austria (48.5° N, 15.8° E: paleocoordinates 47.7° N, 15.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Fels Formation, Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Fels Fm, which conformably overlies the St. Marein-Freischling Fm (Aquitanian), and is conformably overlain by the Zellerndorf Fm (Burdigalian). THICKNESS: Unknown, but presumably from bed or group of beds within formation. AGE: Eggenburgian local stage = Burdigalian. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unknown position within formation.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: transition zone or lower shoreface; unlithified, fine-grained sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Restricted to fully marine environment in marginal basin, deposited during transgression. According to Steininger (1963), the deposits at Fels/Wagram represent a fully marine biotope of the sublittoral to shallow-neritic zone, with no influence whatever of brackish water being noticeable. In the Fels/Wagram area, the lower part of the formation is coarse sand, representing sublittoral (shoreface) environments, but the environments deep upward to deep sublittoral to shallow neritic. As this locality is composed of fine, the deep sublittoral/shallow neritic (offshore transition) environment may be more likely.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Fine sands. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, assumed on the basis of comments regarding preservation and ease of sampling.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk, surface (in situ),

• COLLECTOR: Not stated in text, but possibly multiple collectors and dates. REPOSITORY: Not specifically stated, but likely reposited at the Inst. of Pal., University of Vienna, the Krahuletz Museum in Eggenburg, the Hörbarth Museum in Horn, and the Natural History Museum of Vienna.

Primary reference: O. Mandic and F. F. Steininger. 2003. Computer-based mollusc stratigraphy - a case study from the Eggenburgian (Lower Miocene) type region (NE Austria). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 197:263-291 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 77403: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 10.01.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda, bivalvia, and scaphopoda. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, but with modern nomenclature, including subgenus and species-resolution assignments.
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris (Glycymeris) pilosa Linnaeus 1767 clam
SUBSPECIES: Glycymeris (Glycymeris) pilosa deshayesi
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Crassostrea gryphoides Schlotheim 1813 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Mytilus (Mytilus) fuscus" = Botula fusca
"Mytilus (Mytilus) fuscus" = Botula fusca Gmelin 1791 mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
 Pholadida - Myidae
Sphenia anatina softshell clam
 Cardiida - Arcticidae
 Cardiida - Glossidae
Glossus subtransversus clam
SUBSPECIES: Glossus subtransversus major
 Cardiida - Mactridae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Venus multilamella" = Venus (Ventricoloidea) multilamella Lamarck 1818 venus clam
Paphia benoisti venus clam
SUBSPECIES: Paphia benoisti praecedans
Pitar (Cordiopsis) incrassata Nyst 1836 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Gastrana fragilis Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
SUBSPECIES: Gastrana fragilis gracilis
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Cerastoderma edule Linnaeus 1758 cockle
SUBSPECIES: Cerastoderma edule gresseri & felsense
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Panopea menardi" = Panopea (Panopea) menardi
"Panopea menardi" = Panopea (Panopea) menardi Deshayes 1829 clam
 Solenida - Solenidae
Solen (Solen) marginatus Pulteney 1799 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Divalinga divaricata clam
SUBSPECIES: Divalinga divaricata rotundoparva
"Lucinoma borealis" = Lucinoma (Lucinoma) borealis Linnaeus 1767 clam
Gastropoda
 Cephalaspidea -
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Babylonia (Peridpsaccus) eburnoides Matheron 1842 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Latirus (Latirus) valenciennesi, "Euthriofusus (Euthriofusus) burdigalensis" = Euthriofusus burdigalensis
"Euthriofusus (Euthriofusus) burdigalensis" = Euthriofusus burdigalensis Defrance 1820 snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
 Stromboidea - Aporrhaidae
Drepanocheilus (Arrhoges) speciosus snail
SUBSPECIES: Drepanocheilus (Arrhoges) speciosus serus & megapolitana
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Ficus (Ficus) conditus Brongniart 1823 fig shell
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea (Calyptraea) depressa Lamarck 1822 slipper shell
Calyptraea (Bicatillus) deformis slipper shell
SUBSPECIES: Calyptraea (Bicatillus) deformis transiens
Calyptraea (Calyptraea) chinensis Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
 Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae
Xenophora cummulans Brongniart 1823 carrier shell
SUBSPECIES: Xenophora cummulans transiens
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
"Cassidaria depressa" = Galeodea snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Potamididae
Terebralia dimorpha Vredenburg 1928 horn snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Scaliolidae
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
"Ringicula (Ringiculella) auriculata" = Ringicula minor
"Ringicula (Ringiculella) auriculata" = Ringicula minor Grateloup 1838 snail
SUBSPECIES: Ringicula (Ringiculella) auriculata paulucciae
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Diloma (Paroxystele) amedei Brogniart 1823 top snail
SUBSPECIES: Diloma (Paroxystele) amedei amedei
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
"Dentalium (Antalis) kickxi" = Antalis
"Dentalium (Antalis) kickxi" = Antalis tusk shell
SUBSPECIES: Dentalium (Antalis) kickxi transiens
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
Aturia aturi Basterot 1825 nautiloid