Dera Bugti Level 4 (Miocene of Pakistan)

Also known as Bugti Hills

Where: Balochistan, Pakistan (29.0° N, 69.1° E: paleocoordinates 23.6° N, 69.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: MN 3 (20.0 - 16.9 Ma)

• from an interval 10 m thick within section B near Kumbi, far to the west of Dera Bugti city

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; ferruginous sandstone

• 10 m of creamy sand ending in a ferruginous crust of 0.40 m that also is fossiliferous

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 1995, 1996

Primary reference: J. -L. Welcomme, P. -O. Antoine, F. Duranthon, P. Mein, and L. Ginsburg. 1997. Nouvelles decouvertes de vertebres miocenes dans le synclina de Dera Bugti (Balouchistan, Pakistan). Comptes Rendus Academie de Science Paris. Sciences de la terr et des planetes 325:531-536 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 77779: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 19.01.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Ostreida - Pteriidae
"Margaritifera (Margaritifera) vicayri" = Pinctada
"Margaritifera (Margaritifera) vicayri" = Pinctada pearl oyster
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
Viviparidae indet. Gray 1847 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
Thiaridae indet. Troschel 1857 snail
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
Siluridae indet. Cuvier 1816 catfish
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
 Crocodylia -
Gavialis curvirostris Lydekker 1886 crocodilian
"Gavialis curvirostris naricus"
Gavialis breviceps Pilgrim 1912 crocodilian
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Bugtirhinus praecursor n. gen. n. sp. Antoine and Welcomme 2000 rhinoceros
Plesiaceratherium sp. Young 1937 rhinoceros
Protaceratherium sp. Abel 1910 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium sp. Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Prodeinotherium pentapotamiae Falconer and Lydekker 1876 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
small sized
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
 Pecora -
Pecora indet. ruminant
very small sized "sp. 1"