Contrada Case Alte (Pleistocene of Italy)

Where: Italy (39.0° N, 16.5° E: paleocoordinates 38.9° N, 16.4° E)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From Early Pleistocene sediments that immediately overlie crystalline basement. THICKNESS: From single bed within section of ~10 m. AGE: Early Pleistocene. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From bed, unconformably ~ 50 cm above 2.5 m thick bed of calcareous sandstone, overlying basement crystalline breccia.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Not stated (in English), but probably a very shallow marine, siliciclastic setting.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Cross-bedded sandstone. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified based on facies description, sample size, and age.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTOR: Presumably Bellomo. REPOSITORY: Not stated (in English), but possibly Instituto di Geologia Universitá di Urbino.

Primary reference: E. Bellomo. 1993. Presenza di «Ospiti boreali» (Mollusca, Gastropoda) nel Pleistocene di Contrada Case Alte (Villa S. Giovanni). Bollettino della Societá Paleontologica Italiana 32(3):393-399 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 78312: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 01.02.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda and bivalvia. NOMENCLATURE: An authoritative publication, with modern nomenclature, and consistent identifications to species resolution.
unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca tetragona Poli 1795 ark
"Barbatia barbata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) barbata Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris glycymeris Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Arcida - Limopsidae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Chlamys varia" = Chlamys (Chlamys) varia Linnaeus 1758 scallop
Aequipecten opercularis Linnaeus 1758 scallop
"Chlamys multistriata" = Crassadoma multistriata Poli 1795 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
"Lima hians" = Limaria (Limaria) hians
"Lima hians" = Limaria (Limaria) hians Gmelin 1792 file clam
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia ephippium, "Pododesmus squamula" = Heteranomia squamula
Anomia ephippium Linnaeus 1758 jingle
"Pododesmus squamula" = Heteranomia squamula Linnaeus 1758 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea edulis Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Mytilida - Crenellidae
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus edulis Linnaeus 1758 mussel
Modiolula phaseolina Philippi 1844 mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
Digitaria digitaria Linnaeus 1758 clam
Astarte sulcata Da Costa 1778 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita calyculata" = Cardita (Cardita) calyculata
"Cardita calyculata" = Cardita (Cardita) calyculata Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Trapezidae
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Pseudochama gryphina Lamarck 1819 jewel box
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Spisula elliptica Brown 1827 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Clausinella fasciata da Costa 1778 venus clam
Venus lamellosa venus clam
Irus irus Linnaeus 1767 venus clam
Timoclea ovata Pennant 1777 venus clam
"Gouldia minima" = Gouldia (Gouldia) minima Montagu 1803 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina balaustina Linnaeus 1767 tellin clam
`
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
"Psammobia costulata" = Gari (Psammobia)
"Psammobia costulata" = Gari (Psammobia) clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Ervilia castanea Montagu 1803 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Plagiocardium papillosum Poli 1781 cockle
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Hiatella arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica, "Hiatella rugosa" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica
"Hiatella arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica Linnaeus 1767 clam
"Hiatella rugosa" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Solenida - Pharidae
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Ctena decussata" = Codakia (Ctena) decussata Costa 1829 clam
"Lucinoma borealis" = Lucinoma (Lucinoma) borealis Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula nucleus" = Nucula (Nucula) nucleus
"Nucula nucleus" = Nucula (Nucula) nucleus Linnaeus 1758 nut clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
"Patella aspera" = Patella ulyssiponensis aspera Röding 1798 limpet
Patella caerulea Linnaeus 1758 limpet
 Thecosomata - Limacinidae
 Cephalaspidea - Retusidae
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
Triphora perversa Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Pyrene scripta Lamarck 1822 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Chauvetia minima true whelk
Buccinum undatum Linnaeus 1758 true whelk
Buccinum humphreysianum Bennet 1825 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
"Hinia limata" = Nassarius (Hinia) snail
"Hinia incrassata" = Nassarius (Hinia) snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda -
 Neogastropoda - Cystiscidae
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Hyalina secalina margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Trophonopsis muricatus" = Trophon (Trophonopsis) murex snail
Muricopsis cristata murex snail
Muricopsis diadema murex snail
Ocenebra erinaceus Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
 Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae
 Neogastropoda - Mitromorphidae
"Mitrolumna olivoidea" = Mitromorpha
"Mitrolumna olivoidea" = Mitromorpha snail
 Capuloidea - Capulidae
Capulus hungaricus Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Stromboidea - Aporrhaidae
Aporrhais pespelecani Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Littorina neritoides Linnaeus 1758 periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
Trivia arctica Pultenay 1799 snail
Erato voluta Montagu 1803 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica rizzae moon snail
Payraudeautia intricata Donovan 1804 moon snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea chinensis Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Rissoa variabilis, "Galeodina carinata" = Alvania (Galeodina), "Turbona cimex" = Alvania (Turbona), Rissoina bruguierei
"Galeodina carinata" = Alvania (Galeodina) snail
"Turbona cimex" = Alvania (Turbona) snail
 Truncatelloidea - Truncatellidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Campanilidae
"Cerithium vulgatum" = Cerithium (Thericium) vulgatum
"Cerithium vulgatum" = Cerithium (Thericium) vulgatum Bruguière 1789 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella turbona turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Cerithium lividulum cerith snail
Bittium lacteum cerith snail
Bittium jadertinum cerith snail
Bittium reticulatum Montagu 1803 cerith snail
 Pulmonata - Ellobiidae
Ovatella myosotis Draparnaud 1805 pulmonate
 Basommatophora - Siphonariidae
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
Nerita sp. Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
 Haliotoidea - Haliotidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Turbinoidea - Phasianellidae
Tricolia pullus Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Seguenzioidea - Turcicidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Emarginula rosea Bell 1824 snail
Emarginula fissura Linnaeus 1758 snail
Diodora gibberula Lamarck 1822 snail
Diodora graeca Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Scissurelloidea - Anatomidae
"Scissurella aspera" = Anatoma aspera
"Scissurella aspera" = Anatoma aspera Philippi 1844 snail
 Scissurelloidea - Scissurellidae
Scissurella costata d'Orbigny 1824 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Gibbula ardens top snail
Gibbula fanulum top snail
Gibbula magus top snail
Gibbula richardi top snail
Gibbula tumida top snail
Jujubinus sp. Monterosato 1884 top snail
Jujubinus striatus Linnaeus 1767 top snail
Clanculus cruciatus Linnaeus 1758 top snail
Calliostoma zizyphinum Linnaeus 1758 top snail