Unit 4, Sample C6 - Poggio al Lupo Quarry (Pliocene of Italy)

Where: Italy (43.7° N, 10.9° E: paleocoordinates 43.6° N, 10.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pliocene (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the upper part of the Pliocene sedimentary tectonic cycles in Arno Valley basin, which . THICKNESS: From bed within section of about 35 m thickness. AGE: Early Pliocene, on the basis of lithostratigraphic correlation, which ties this section into the Globorotalia crassaformis biozone, immediately preceding the middle Pliocene. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unit 4, towards the top of the section, collected in the second shell accumulation of unit 4.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified, fine-grained, shelly/skeletal, gray, yellow, silty, carbonaceous sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Inner shelf and estuarine environment.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Grey silty fine sands, yellow in places, bioturbated, and abundant wood gfragments, with shell accumulations. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, on the basis of figured specimens and outcrop photos.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by Benvenuti & Dominici

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTORS: Presumably M. Benvenuti and S. Dominici. REPOSITORY: Presumably, Dipartmento di Scienze della Terra, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Italy.

Primary reference: M. Benvenuti and S. Dominici. 1992. Facies analysis, paleoecology and sequence stratigraphy in a Pliocene siliciclastic succession, Sanb Miniato (Pisa, Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 31(2):241-259 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 78338: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 03.02.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda and bivalvia. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, but with taxa identified to species resolution.
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Ditrupa sp. Berkeley 1835
Present only as a juvenile
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca noae" = Arca (Arca) noae Linnaeus 1758 ark
Present only as a juvenile
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria phalaenacea pearl oyster
Present only as a juvenile
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus edulis Linnaeus 1758 mussel
 Carditida - Carditidae
Glans sp. Mühfeld 1811 clam
Present only as a juvenile
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula gibba" = Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba
"Corbula gibba" = Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba Oliva 1792 clam
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
"Gastrochaena dubia" = Gastrochaena (Rocellaria) dubia
"Gastrochaena dubia" = Gastrochaena (Rocellaria) dubia Pennant 1777 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Spisula subtruncata da Costa 1778 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Tapes eremita venus clam
"Dosinia lupinus" = Dosinia lupina Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
Pitar rudis Poli 1795 venus clam
Pelecyora brocchii venus clam
Chamelea gallina Linneus 1758 venus clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax sp. Linnaeus 1758 clam
Present only as a juvenile
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Gastrana fragilis Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
Tellina sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Cerastoderma edule Linnaeus 1758 cockle
 Solenida - Solenidae
Solen marginatus Pulteney 1799 clam
Present only as a juvenile
 Solenida - Pharidae
Ensis sp. Schumacher 1817 clam
Present only as a juvenile
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Nuculana pella pointed nut clam
Present only as a juvenile
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Scala sp. Humphrey wentletrap
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
"Cylichna cylindracea" = Cylichna (Cylichna) cylindracea
"Cylichna cylindracea" = Cylichna (Cylichna) cylindracea Pennant 1777 snail
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
"Hinia reticulata" = Nassarius (Hinia)
"Hinia reticulata" = Nassarius (Hinia) snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Muricidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 murex snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
Cythara sp. Schumacher 1817 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Naticidae indet. Guilding 1834 moon snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea chinensis Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Rissoa sp. Fréminville 1814 snail
Alvania cf. curta snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Truncatelloidea - Hydrobiidae
Hydrobia sp. Hartmann 1821 snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Truncatelloidea - Caecidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Campanilidae
"Cerithium vulgatum" = Cerithium (Thericium) vulgatum
"Cerithium vulgatum" = Cerithium (Thericium) vulgatum Bruguière 1789 snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Sorbeoconcha - Potamididae
"Potamides tricinctus" = Potamides (Ptychopotamides) tricinctus
"Potamides tricinctus" = Potamides (Ptychopotamides) tricinctus Brocchi 1814 horn snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Bittium deshayesi cerith snail
Bittium reticulatum Montagu 1803 cerith snail
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
Ringicula sp. Deshayes 1838 snail
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Turbonilla sp. Risso 1826 snail
Odostomia conoidea Brocchi 1814 snail
 Turbinoidea - Phasianellidae
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Gibbula brocchii top snail
Present only as a juvenile
Jujubinus sp. Monterosato 1884 top snail
Present only as a juvenile
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium sexangulum tusk shell
Present only as a juvenile
Dentalium sp. Linnaeus 1758 tusk shell
Present only as a juvenile