Las Cinco Ceibas (Cretaceous to of Venezuela)

Where: State of Sucre, Venezuela (10.4° N, 63.5° W: paleocoordinates 8.0° N, 32.5° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: upper Member (Barranquin Formation), Late/Upper Aptian to Late/Upper Aptian (122.5 - 109.0 Ma)

• upper Barranquin formation

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: perireef or subreef; limestone

• The corals are wholly hermatypic or reef-building types. They represent an assemblage indicative of quiet waters- shallow lagoons behind reefs.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by Dr.Hollis Hedberg; reposited in the USNM

Primary reference: J. W. Wells. 1944. Cretaceous, tertiary, and recent corals, a sponge, and an alga from Venezuela. Journal of Paleontology 18(5):429-447 [W. Kiessling/A. Girndt]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 78595: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Antje Girndt on 11.02.2008, edited by Wolfgang Kiessling and Uta Merkel

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Stylinidae
"Cyathophora hedbergi n. sp." = Adelocoenia bulgarica Toula 1884 stony coral
Holotype,-U.S.N.M. no. 547383
Stylangia laddi n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype-U.S.N.M. no. 547388
Enallhelia occidentalis n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype
Stylina sucrensis n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype
Cyathophora haysensis Wells 1932 stony coral
Stylosmilia gregorii n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype-U.S.N.M. no. 547384
 Scleractinia - Dermosmiliidae
Calamophylliopsis sandbergeri2 Felix 1891 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Actinacididae
Actinaraea michoacanensis1 Filkorn and Pantoja-Alor 2009 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Siderastreidae
"Periseris irregularis" = Siderofungia irregularis
"Periseris irregularis" = Siderofungia irregularis Felix 1891 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Haplaraeidae
Meandrophyllia cariacoensis n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype-U.S.N.M. no. 547393
Meandrophyllia plummeri Wells 1932 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Amphiastreidae
Budaia felixi n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype-U.S.N.M. no. 547390
Cladophyllia stewartae n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype
 Scleractinia - Astrocoeniidae
Astrocoenia barranquinensis n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype
 Scleractinia - Montlivaltiidae
Thecosmilia cumanensis n. sp. Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype-U.S.N.M. no. 547398
 Scleractinia - Faviidae
"Elasmophyllia tolmachoffana" = Phacellocoenia tolmachoffana, "Myriophyllia borrachensis n. sp." = Eugyra borrachensis
"Elasmophyllia tolmachoffana" = Phacellocoenia tolmachoffana Wells 1932 stony coral
"Myriophyllia borrachensis n. sp." = Eugyra borrachensis Wells 1944 stony coral
Holotype
Demospongea
 Chaetetida - Chaetetidae
"Stromatopora venezuelensis n. sp." = Blastochaetetes venezuelensis
"Stromatopora venezuelensis n. sp." = Blastochaetetes venezuelensis Wells 1944 demosponge
Holotype-U.S.N.M. no. 547382
Calcarea
 Calcaronea - Endostomatidae
Corynella aguilerae n. sp. Wells 1944 calcareous sponge
unsettled generic position, Holotype
Bryopsidophyceae
 Caulerpales - Halimedaceae
Halimeda sp. Lamouroux 1812