Condé-en-Brie (Eocene of France)

Where: Picardie, France (49.0° N, 3.6° E: paleocoordinates 44.5° N, 0.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: MP 8 + 9 (55.8 - 48.6 Ma)

• "early Eocene, MP 8-9"

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the MNHN

Primary reference: G. Mayr and C. Mourer-Chauviré. 2004. Osteology and systematic position of the Eocene Primobucconidae (Aves, Coraciiformes sensu stricto), with first records from Europe. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2(1):1-12 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 84997: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 19.11.2008, edited by Jason Head, Philip Mannion, Torsten Liebrecht, Terri Cleary, David Nicholson, Patricia Holroyd and Richard Butler

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp.3, "Palaeotrionyx vittatus" = Axestemys vittata3
Trionyx sp.3 Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
"Palaeotrionyx vittatus" = Axestemys vittata3 Pomel 1847 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Carettochelyidae
Allaeochelys sp.3 Noulet 1867 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
Neochelys eocaenica9 De Stefano 1902 sideneck turtle
 Coraciiformes - Primobucconidae
Primobucconidae indet. Feduccia and Martin 1976 bird
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Plesiolacerta (aff. Plesiolacerta) lydekkeri1 Hoffstetter 1942 squamates
"dix vertebres dorsales (une dorsale figurée, n CV 16442, autres dorsales, n CB 16443); deux vertèbres caudales, n CB16444" (pg. 122)
 Squamata - Necrosauridae
Necrosaurus sp.1 Filhol 1876 squamates
une vertèbre cervicale, duex vertèbres dorsales, six caudales et peut-être une scarée, une vingtaine d'ostéodermes (n CB 16460)" (pg. 135).
 Squamata - Helodermatidae
Helodermatidae indet.2 Gray 1837 squamates
three dorsal vertebrae, one caudal
 Squamata -
Saniwa sp.1 Leidy 1870 squamates
2 caudal vertebrae (CB 16458, 16459)
Saniwa orsmaelensis2 Dollo 1923 squamates
IRScNB CB 16459 and 16458, two caudal vertebrae
 Squamata - Anguidae
Anguidae indet.1 Gray 1825 squamates
13 caudal vertebrae
Glyptosaurinae indet.1 Marsh 1872 squamates
four dorsal vertebrae (CV 16451)
Melanosaurini indet.1 Sullivan 1979 squamates
"un fragement de toit crânien (n CB 16452), nombreux ostéodermes (n CB 16454 et CB 16453)" (pg. 126)
Anguini indet.2 Augé 2005 squamates
cf. Anguis sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 slow worm
three dorsal vertebrae (CB 16455, 16456)
cf. Ophisaurus sp.1 Daudin 1803 glass lizard
18 dorsal vertebrae (CB 1617), 6 osteoderms (CB 1618)
 Squamata - Iguanidae
"Geiseltaliellus louisi n. sp." = Geiseltaliellus longicaudus1
"Geiseltaliellus louisi n. sp." = Geiseltaliellus longicaudus1 Kuhn 1944 squamates
an incomplete right dentary (CB 16436)
 Squamata - Agamidae
Tinosaurus europeocaenus2 Auge and Smith 1997 squamates
two incomplete dentaries (CB 16437, 16438), one incomplete maxilla (CB 16439)
 Squamata -
Eolacerta sp.2 Nöth 1940 squamates
MNHN CB 16442, six dorsal vertebrae; two caudal vertebrae, ?three sacral vertebrae
 Squamata - Boidae
Calamagras gallicus13 Rage 1977 dwarf boa
Rage (1977) mentions a total of 30 referred vertebrae which come from Condé-en-Brie and other localities in the Paris Basin, but does not give details on specimen and catalogue numbers for individual localities
 Squamata - Russellophiidae
Russellophis tenuis n. gen. n. sp.12
Russellophis tenuis n. gen. n. sp.12 Rage 1975 snake
Holotype: 1 mid-trunk vertebra (MNHN CB 1603); referred material: 2 further trunk vertebrae and 1 caudal vertebra (no catalogue no. given)
 Squamata - Tropidophiidae
Dunnophis matronensis11 Rage 1973 dwarf boa
Rage (1973) mentions "nombreuses vertèbres" which come from Condé-en-Brie and other localities in the Paris Basin, but does not give details on specimen and catalogue numbers for individual localities
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Gekkonidae indet.1 Gray 1825 gecko
"un dentarie droit incomplet (n CB 16440), deux fragments de dentaries dont l'un est de beaucoup plus petite taille que les deux autres (n CB 16441).
 Squamata -
Scincomorpha "indet. Forme A"2 Camp 1923 lizard
MNHN CB 17400, three incomplete left dentaries. "Forme B" is found in Malperie (see Auge 2005 for comparison)
 Squamata - Blanidae
Blanosaurus primeocaenus5 Folie et al. 2013 worm lizard
1 incomplete left dentary (CB 1616), one dentary (CB 16461), 9 dorsal vertebrae (CB 1615)
 Squamata -
"Placosaurus quercyi" = Paraplacosauriops quercyi1
"Placosaurus quercyi" = Paraplacosauriops quercyi1 Filhol 1882 squamates
"un dentaire droit incomplet (n CB 16445); cinq ostéodermes céphaliques (CB 16449 et CB 16450); dix ostéodermes du tronc (n CB 16447, CB 16448 et CB 16449)." (pg. 124)
 Primates - Plesiadapidae
Platychoerops daubrei6 Lemoine 1880 primate
 Primates - Paromomyidae
Arcius lapparenti10 Russell et al. 1967 primate
Arcius fuscus10 Russell et al. 1967 primate
 Primates - Notharctidae
Agerinia sp.4 Crusafont-Pairó and Golpe-Posse 1973 primate
 Perissodactyla -
Paschatherium levei n. sp.8 Hooker and Russell 2012 odd-toed ungulate
MNHN.F.CB-303 - type (right dentary with P4–M1); paratypes: LP4, MNHN.F.CEB-314; RP4, MNHN.F. Condé-1170-Levé; LM1, MNHN.F.CB-313; RM1, MNHN.F.CB-824; LM2, MNHN.F.CB-312; RM2, MNHN.F.CB-315; LM3, MNHN.F.Condé-24-Levé; RM3, MNHN.F.PCB-0030; LP4, MNHN.F.CEB-321; LM1, MNHN.F.CB-1088; LM2, MNHN.F.Condé-137-Levé; RM2, MNHN.F.CB-1039; LM3, MNHN.F.Condé- 1016-Levé; RM3, MNHN.F.CB-1220
 Ferae -
Uintacyon hookeri15 Solé 2014 placental
 Trogontia - Esthonychidae
Plesiesthonyx munieri7 Lemoine 1891 tillodont
 Ungulata - Diacodexeidae
Diacodexis varleti16 Sudre 1983 even-toed ungulate
 Hyaenodonta -
Morlodon vellerei14 Solé 2013 eutherian
MNHN MCB 0042, 4697, 1122, 415, 4939, 994 and 1546