Barendskraal Farm (Triassic to of South Africa)

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (31.7° S, 25.0° E: paleocoordinates 65.2° S, 22.1° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone, Palingkloof Member (Balfour Formation), Induan to Induan (252.2 - 247.2 Ma)

• "Palingkloof Member of the Balfour Formation, Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone, Beaufort Group; lowermost Triassic" (Modesto et al., 2007)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithified mudstone

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by L. D. Boonstra in 1935

• "The holotype of Sauropareion anoplus is preserved in a hard mudstone that necessitated mechanical preparation. This was accomplished by an airscribe that was used to remove the greater part of the matrix investing the skeleton, and pin vises with carbide steel-tips were used for finer work close to the bone surfaces. Owing to the small size of the postcranial elements, these have been prepared in dorsal aspect only, with underlying matrix left for support" (Modesto et al., 2007)

Primary reference: S. H. Haughton. 1924. On a new type of thecodont from the middle Beaufort Beds. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 11(1):93-97 [R. Butler/R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 85948: authorized by Johannes Mueller, entered by Torsten Liebrecht on 21.01.2009, edited by Richard Butler and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Procolophonia - Procolophonidae
Sauropareion anoplus n. gen. n. sp.5
Sauropareion anoplus n. gen. n. sp.5 Modesto et al. 2001 parareptile
SAM-PK-11192 (type), BP/1/5779
 Eosuchia - Proterosuchidae
cf. Proterosuchidae indet.3, Proterosuchidae indet.3, "Proterosuchus fergusi" = Proterosuchus fergusi3, "Elaphrosuchus rubidgei n. gen. n. sp." = Proterosuchus fergusi2
cf. Proterosuchidae indet.3 Broom 1906 archosauromorph
Proterosuchidae indet.3 Broom 1906 archosauromorph
"Proterosuchus fergusi" = Proterosuchus fergusi3 Broom 1903 archosauromorph
"Elaphrosuchus rubidgei n. gen. n. sp." = Proterosuchus fergusi2 Broom 1903 archosauromorph
RC 59, skull
 Therapsida - Lystrosauridae
Lystrosaurus murrayi4 Huxley 1859 dicynodont
"Lystrosaurus oviceps" = Lystrosaurus curvatus4 Owen 1876 dicynodont
Lystrosaurus declivis4 Brink 1951 dicynodont
 Therocephalia - Akidnognathidae
Olivierosuchus parringtoni1 Brink 1965 therapsid
NMQR 3605, skull, lower jaw and partial articulated skeleton