Kahuku Point, Oahu (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Reef 3969

Where: Hawaii (21.7° N, 158.0° W: paleocoordinates 21.7° N, 158.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Waimanalo Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• 121-113 ka, last interglacial

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; limestone

• reef and near-reef deposits
• limestones and conglomerates

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: D. R. Muhs, K. R. Simmons, and B. Steinke. 2002. Timing and warmth of the Last Interglacial period: new U-series evidence from Hawaii and Bermuda and a new fossil compilation for North America. Quaternary Science Reviews 21:1355-1383 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 89290: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 14.05.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Ostreida - Malleidae
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Septifer vaughani" = Septifer (Septifer) excisus
"Septifer vaughani" = Septifer (Septifer) excisus Weigmann 1837 mussel
 Cardiida - Chamidae
"Chama iostoma" = Chama limbula
"Chama iostoma" = Chama limbula Lamarck 1819 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Periglypta reticulata Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Ctena bella Conrad 1837 clam
 Ptenoglossa - Thaididae
 Patellogastropoda - Nacellidae
Cellana exarata Nuttall 1839 limpet
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Mitra chrysalis mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus nanus cone shell
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
"Strombus mutabilis" = Canarium mutabile
"Strombus mutabilis" = Canarium mutabile Swainson 1821 true conch
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Antisabia foliacea Quoy and Gaimard 1834 hoof shell
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea isabella" = Luria isabella, "Cypraea cicercula" = Pustularia cicercula, "Cypraea granulata" = Staphylaea granulata, "Cypraea caputserpentis" = Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis, "Cypraea helvola" = Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola
"Cypraea isabella" = Luria isabella Linnaeus 1758 Isabell cowry
"Cypraea cicercula" = Pustularia cicercula Linnaeus 1758 cowry
"Cypraea granulata" = Staphylaea granulata Pease 1862 cowry
"Cypraea caputserpentis" = Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis Linnaeus 1758 cowry
listed as C. captoserpentis
"Cypraea helvola" = Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola Linnaeus 1758 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
"Cymatium pileare" = Monoplex pilearis
"Cymatium pileare" = Monoplex pilearis Linnaeus 1758 triton shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
"Semivertagus nesioticus" = Clava (Semivertagus)
"Semivertagus nesioticus" = Clava (Semivertagus) cerith snail
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
"Marmorostoma intercostalium" = Turbo (Marmarostoma) intercostalis
"Marmorostoma intercostalium" = Turbo (Marmarostoma) intercostalis Menke 1829 snail
 Scleractinia - Poritidae
Porites sp. Link 1807 stony coral