Kaena Point, Oahu (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Reef 3970

Where: Hawaii (21.6° N, 158.3° W: paleocoordinates 21.6° N, 158.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Waimanalo Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• 127-115 ka, last interglacial

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; limestone

• reef and near-reef deposits
• limestones and conglomerates

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: D. R. Muhs, K. R. Simmons, and B. Steinke. 2002. Timing and warmth of the Last Interglacial period: new U-series evidence from Hawaii and Bermuda and a new fossil compilation for North America. Quaternary Science Reviews 21:1355-1383 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 89292: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 14.05.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca ventricosa Lamarck 1819 ark
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Septifer vaughani" = Septifer (Septifer) excisus
"Septifer vaughani" = Septifer (Septifer) excisus Weigmann 1837 mussel
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Scutarcopagia scobinata Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
 Ptenoglossa - Thaididae
 Patellogastropoda - Nacellidae
Cellana exarata Nuttall 1839 limpet
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
"Pusia consanguinea" = Vexillum (Pusia)
"Pusia consanguinea" = Vexillum (Pusia) ribbed mitre
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus praelatus cone shell
Conus ebraeus Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
Conus tulipa Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
Conus flavidus Lamarck 1810 cone shell
Conus chaldaeus Röding 1798 cone shell
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea isabella" = Luria isabella, "Cypraea maculifera" = Mauritia maculifera, "Cypraea granulata" = Staphylaea granulata, "Cypraea caputserpentis" = Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis, "Cypraea helvola" = Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola, "Cypraea teres" = Talostolida teres
"Cypraea isabella" = Luria isabella Linnaeus 1758 Isabell cowry
"Cypraea maculifera" = Mauritia maculifera Schilder 1932 cowry
"Cypraea granulata" = Staphylaea granulata Pease 1862 cowry
"Cypraea caputserpentis" = Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis Linnaeus 1758 cowry
listed as C. captoserpentis
"Cypraea helvola" = Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola Linnaeus 1758 cowry
"Cypraea teres" = Talostolida teres Gmelin 1791 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
 Scleractinia - Poritidae
Porites sp. Link 1807 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Agariciidae
Pavona sp. Lamarck 1801 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Pocilloporidae
Pocillopora sp. Lamarck 1816 stony coral