Centenario Bridge (Miocene of Panama)

Where: Panama (9.0° N, 79.6° W: paleocoordinates 8.4° N, 77.5° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Cucaracha Formation, Early/Lower Hemingfordian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• early Hemingfordian in age, from the early Miocene (MacFadden et al., 2014).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: delta plain; sandstone

• highly fossiliferous sand unit. It consists of dark greenish brown, slightly silty, fine-grained, well-sorted quartz sand with much fine-grained light green glauconite and abundant shell grit.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: B. J. MacFadden, M. X. Kirby, A. Rincon, C. Montes, S. Moron, N. Strong, and C. Jaramillo. 2010. Extinct peccary "Cynorca" occidentale (Tayassuidae, Tayassuinae) from the Miocene of Panama and correlations to North America. Journal of Paleontology 84(2):288-298 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 89444: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 20.05.2009, edited by Philip Mannion, Jonathan Marcot and Juan Carrillo

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet.1 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Staurotypus moschus n. sp.1 Cadena et al. 2012 Mexican musk turtle
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Rhinoclemmys sp.1 Fitzinger 1835 turtle
Rhinoclemmys panamaensis n. sp.1 Cadena et al. 2012 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
Podocnemidae indet.1 sideneck turtle
 Crocodylia -
Crocodylia indet.2 Owen 1842 crocodilian
UF 259874 (right proximal radius)
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
cf. Centenariosuchus gilmorei2 Hastings et al. 2013 crocodilian
UF 245593 (nearly complete right angular)
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Anchitherium clarencei3 Simpson 1932 anchitheriine horse
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
"Cynorca" occidentale Woodburne 1969 peccary
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Paratoceras coatesi4 Rincón et al. 2015 protoceratid