Culand Pits, Burham (Cretaceous to of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (51.3° N, 0.5° E: paleocoordinates 40.4° N, 2.1° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Chalk Group, Cenomanian to Cenomanian (100.5 - 89.8 Ma)

• Lower Culand Pit is in the Lower Chalk (Cenomanian) and the Upper Culand Pit is in the Middle and Upper Chalk (Turonian). Most of the fossil remains lack horizon information.

• group-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: basinal (); chalk and marl

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by Smith, Egerton; reposited in the BMNH

Collection methods: salvage

Primary reference: J. S. Bowerbank. 1846. On a new species of pterodactyl found in the Upper Chalk of Kent (P. giganteus). Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 2:7-8 [R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 92426: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Richard Butler on 12.11.2009, edited by Jonathan Tennant and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Some of the pterosaur specimens were initially listed as coming from "Halling", but they are apparently derived from Culand.
Reptilia
 Testudinata -
Testudinata indet.3 turtle
BMNH 41642, R1345, R1934
 Testudines -
Chelonioidea indet.2 Baur 1893 sea turtle
BMNH R3735
 Testudines - Protostegidae
Protostega sp.2 Cope 1871 sea turtle
BMNH R3736
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
Puppigerus camperi2 Gray 1831 sea turtle
CAMSM B20600-5
 Testudines -
"Emys benstedi n. sp." = Cimochelys benstedi2
"Emys benstedi n. sp." = Cimochelys benstedi2 Mantell 1841 sea turtle
BMNH 28706
 Pterosauria -
Cimoliopterus cuvieri6, "Pterodactylus compressirostris n. sp." = Lonchodectes compressirostris5
Cimoliopterus cuvieri6 Bowerbank 1851 pterosaur
BMNH 39409
"Pterodactylus compressirostris n. sp." = Lonchodectes compressirostris5 Owen 1851 pterosaur
BMNH 39410 (holotype). BMNH 39411, 39416, 49003, 49004, MAIDM unnumbered
 Pterosauria - Lonchodraconidae
"Pterodactylus giganteus n. sp." = Lonchodraco giganteus
"Pterodactylus giganteus n. sp." = Lonchodraco giganteus Bowerbank 1846 pterosaur
BMNH 39412 (holotype), partial skull. BMNH 39413-39415, 39417
 Pterosauria - Ornithocheiridae
? Ornithocheiridae indet.1 Seeley 1870 pterosaur
BMNH 41637, 49005-6, R1357-8, R1935-6, R2644
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
Mosasaurus sp.2 Parkinson 1822 mosasaur
MAIDM unnumbered
 Squamata - Dolichosauridae
Dolichosaurus longicollis n. gen. n. sp.4
Dolichosaurus longicollis n. gen. n. sp.4 Owen 1850 lizard
BMNH R49002 - holotype (a small chalk block preserving the articulated cranial and postcranial remains of one individual. The skull is represented by a partial braincase, and fragmentary right and left mandibles. The postcranium is composed of 17 articulated cervical vertebrae and 19 anterior dorsal vertebrae); and BMNH R 32268 - referred specimen (rear limb and girdle, 19 posterior dorsal vertebrae, two sacral vertebrae and 4 caudal vertebrae)
 Sauropterygia -
Polyptychodon interruptus2 Owen 1841 plesiosaur
BMNH 41641, 41644, 46959, 49007, R1217, R1938
 Sauropterygia - Elasmosauridae
Cimoliasaurus smithi2 elasmosaur
BMNH 49007