Andrahomana Cave (2002-2003 collections) (Holocene of Madagascar)

Where: Toliara, Madagascar (25.2° S, 46.6° E: paleocoordinates 25.2° S, 46.6° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• sediments are from "a large collapsed-cave feature in Pleistocene eolianite (calcareous sandstone)" (Godfrey et al. 2006), and the lower unit yielding extinct vertebrates is stratigraphically mixed and "mid-to-late Holocene" (Burney et al. 2008)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; silty sandstone

• "an upper unit, generally 10-20 cm thick, of brown humic silty sand" contains extant taxa and "a much thicker lower unit, of ca. 1 m to <3m thicknes, or coarser, lighter-colored sands" includes the extinct taxa

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by D. Burney, W. Jungers, L. Godfrey in 2002, 2003

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, surface (in situ), sieve,

• Universit√© d'Antananarivo collection

•includes material from three sites: AHA-B (2002) and AHA-F and AHA-I (2003)

Primary reference: D. A. Burney, N. Vasey, L. R. Godfrey, Ramilisonina, W. L. Jungers, M. Ramarolahy, and L. Raharivony. 2008. New findings at Andrahomana Cave, southeastern Madagascar. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 70(1):13-24 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 92733: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 26.11.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Mantellidae
 Salientia - Ranidae
 Salientia - Microhylidae
Scaphiophryne sp. Boulenger 1882 frog
Reptilia
 Testudines -
Pelomedusa subrufa Bonaterre 1789 Helmeted turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Dipsochelys sp." = Aldabrachelys, Geochelone radiata
"Dipsochelys sp." = Aldabrachelys Loveridge and Williams 1957 turtle
Geochelone radiata Shaw 1802 Radiated tortoise
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Turnicidae
Turnix nigricollis Gmelin 1789 Madgascar buttonquail
 Galliformes - Numididae
Numida meleagris Linnaeus 1758 helmeted guineafowl
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco newtoni Gurney 1863 Madagascar kestrel
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Otus rutilus Pucheran 1849 Malagasy scops-owl
 Strigiformes - Tytonidae
Tyto alba Scopoli 1769 barn owl
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
"Coracopsis vasa" = Mascarinus vasa
"Coracopsis vasa" = Mascarinus vasa Shaw 1812 greater vasa-parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Streptopelia picturata Temminck 1813 Madagascar turtle-dove
 Cuculiformes - Cuculidae
Coua cursor Grandidier 1867 running coua
Coua cristata Linnaeus 1766 crested coua
 Passeriformes - Alaudidae
"Mirafra hova" = Eremopterix hova
"Mirafra hova" = Eremopterix hova Hartlaub 1860 Madagascar lark
 Passeriformes - Bernieridae
Thamnornis chloropetoides Grandidier 1867 thamnornis
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus albus Muller 1776 pied crow
 Passeriformes - Acrocephalidae
Nesillas cf. lantzii Grandidier 1867 subdesert brush-warbler
 Passeriformes - Ploceidae
Ploceus sakalava Hartlaub 1860 sakalava weaver
Foudia madagascariensis Linnaeus 1766 red fody
 Passeriformes - Vangidae
"Leptopterus viridis" = Artamella viridis Statius Muller 1776 white-headed vanga
Vanga curvirostris Linnaeus 1766 hook-billed vanga
Cyanolanius madagascarinus Linnaeus 1766 blue vanga
 Passeriformes - Zosteropidae
"Zosterops maderaspatana" = Zosterops maderaspatanus
"Zosterops maderaspatana" = Zosterops maderaspatanus Linnaeus 1766 Madagascar white-eye
 Passeriformes - Monarchidae
cf. Terpsiphone mutata Linnaeus 1766 Madgascar paradise-flycatcher
"cf. Tersiphone mutata"
 Caprimulgiformes - Apodidae
Apus sp. Scopoli 1777 swift
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallinula chloropus Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian moorhen
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Puffinus sp. Brisson 1760 shearwater
 Bucerotiformes - Upupidae
Upupa marginata Cabanis and Heine 1860 Madagascar hoopoe
 Aepyornithiformes - Aepyornithidae
Mullerornis sp. Milne-Edwards and Grandidier 1894 elephant bird
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti 1768 Nile crocodile
 Squamata - Boidae
Acrantophis sp. Jan 1860 boa
 Squamata - Colubridae
Leioheterodon sp. Boulenger 1893 Malagasy hognose snake
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Paroedura sp. G√ľnther 1879 Madagascar ground gecko
 Squamata - Gerrhosauridae
Mammalia
 Primates - Megaladapidae
Megaladapis edwardsi Grandidier 1899 lemur
site AHA-I
 Primates - Indriidae
Propithecus verreauxi Grandidier 1867 sifaka
 Primates - Cheirogaleidae
Cheirogaleus medius Geoffroy 1812 fat-tailed dwarf lemur
Microcebus sp. Geoffroy 1827 mouse lemur
 Primates - Archaeolemuridae
Hadropithecus stenognathus Lorenz von Liburnau 1899 monkey lemur
site AHA-I
Archaeolemur majori Filhol 1895 monkey lemur
 Primates - Lemuridae
Pachylemur insignis Filhol 1895 lemur
site AHA-I
Lemur catta Linnaeus 1758 ring-tailed lemur
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Macrotarsomys bastardi big-footed mouse
Macrotarsomys petteri big-footed mouse
Hypogeomys australis Malagasy giant rat
site AHA-I
Eliurus myoxinus tufted-tailed rat
Eliurus sp. Milne-Edwards 1885 tufted-tailed rat
larger
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rattus sp. Fischer 1803 rat
Mus musculus Linnaeus 1758 house mouse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Suncus madagascariensis white-toothed shrew
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis familiaris Linnaeus 1758 dog
"Canis lupus familiaris"
 Tribosphenida - Tenrecidae
Echinops telfairi Martin 1838 lesser hedgehog tenrec
Setifer setosus Froriep 1806 greater hedgehog tenrec
Geogale aurita large-eared tenrec
Microgale nasoloi shrew tenrec
Microgale pusilla shrew tenrec
Microgale macpheei shrew tenrec
Tenrec ecaudatus Schreber 1778 common tenrec
 Chiroptera - Pteropodidae
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Miniopterus gleni bend-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Hipposideridae
Triaenops furculus trident bat
 Chiroptera - Molossidae
Mormopterus jugularis free-tailed bat
Mops leucostigma greater mastiff bat
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus lemerlei Milne Edwards 1868 hippo
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bos indicus Linnaeus 1758 ox
 Ungulata - Cervidae