Wilson-Leonard Site Bone Bed Component (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as 41WM235

Where: Williamson County, Texas (30.7° N, 97.1° W: paleocoordinates 30.7° N, 97.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• horse specimen is specifically from "Level 39A&B; Stratigraphic Unit Isi/Icl" and the entire fauna is from "an area of the site referred to as the Bone Bed Component" that "overlies a Clovis component" and "dates to ca. 11,400-11,000 yr B.P."

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 1982-1984

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Texas Department of Transportation excavation

Primary reference: B. W. Baker, M. B. Collins, and C. B. Bousman. 2002. Late-Pleistocene horse (Equus sp.) from the Wilson-Leonard archaeological site, central Texas. Current Research in the Pleistocene 19:97-100 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 93259: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 10.01.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Sternotherus sp. Gray 1825 musk turtle
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Phasianidae indet. Horsfield 1821 pheasant
Reptilia
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubridae indet. Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma sp. Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys sp. Rafinesque 1817 pocket gopher
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bison sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 New World deer