Locality 4, Penn Dixie quarry, Moscow and Ludlowville Formations, Erie Co., NY (Devonian of the United States)

Where: Erie County, New York (42.8° N, 78.8° W: paleocoordinates 36.5° S, 26.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Givetian (387.7 - 382.7 Ma)

• samples not specified as from Wanakah, Tichenor, or Windom members

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore; bioturbated, pyritic, gray, calcareous mudstone

• soft, medium gray, slightly calcareous, siliciclastic mudstones, geographically widespread beds of carbonate or pyritic concretions and fossil layers occur at many levels

Preservation: trace, concretion, original calcite, replaced with pyrite

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: C. E. Brett, V. B. Dick, and G. C. Baird. 1991. Comparative Taphonomy and Paleoecology of Middle Devonian Dark Gray and Black Shale Facies from Western New York. Dynamic Stratigraphy and Depositional Environments of the Hamilton Group (Middle Devonian) in New York State, Part II; New York State Museum Bulletin (469)5-36 [A. Miller/K. Layou]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 9364: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Karen Layou on 24.10.2000

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Relative abundance symbols listed in comments field are as follows: a = abundant, 10s to 100s of specimens; c = commonly found, 10s of specimens; x = present, fewer than 10 specimens; r = rare, usually only one specimen; ? = identification questionable
 Productida - Chonetidae
 Spiriferida - Spinocyrtiidae
 Spiriferida - Adolfiidae
Allanella tullius Hall 1867
 Spiriferida - Ambocoeliidae
Ambocoelia umbonata Conrad 1842
 Spiriferida - Delthyrididae
Delthyris sp. Dalman 1828
 Rhynchonellida - Leiorhynchidae
  - Tropidoleptidae
 Cyrtodontida - Praecardiidae
Buchiola sp. Barrande 1881 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pectenidae indet." = Pectinidae
"Pectenidae indet." = Pectinidae Wilkes 1810 scallop
 Cardiidia - Sanguinolitidae
 Cardiidia - Grammysiidae
 Cardiida - Kalenteridae
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nuculoidea corbuliformis Hall and Whitfield 1869 nut clam
 Protobranchia -
Nuculites oblongatus Conrad 1841 clam
Palaeoneilo sp. Hall and Whitfield 1869 clam
x [entered as Paleoneilo sp.]
Palaeoneilo constricta Conrad 1842 clam
x [entered as Paleoneilo constricta]
 Fenestrata -
 Cyclostomata - Hederellidae
Hederella sp. Hall 1883
 Cyclostomata -
Reptaria stolonifera Rolle 1851
 Favositida - Micheliniidae
Pleurodictyum stylopora tabulate coral
 Stauriida - Stereolasmatidae
Stereolasma rectum Hall 1843 horn coral