Garden Cliff (Bone Bed) (Triassic of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Westbury-on-Severn, Golden Cliff

Where: England, United Kingdom (51.8° N, 2.4° W: paleocoordinates 36.3° N, 0.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Avicula contorta other zone, Westbury Formation (Penarth Group), Rhaetian (208.5 - 201.3 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithified, pyritic, shelly/skeletal, calcareous, cherty/siliceous conglomerate

Size class: macrofossils

• "Bones of Saurians and Fishes, teeth of Reptiles, teeth of Fishes"

Preservation: coprolite

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ)

Primary reference: T. Wright. 1860. On the Zone of Avicula contorta, and the Lower Lias of the South of England. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 16:374-411 [M. Carrano/H. Street]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 96617: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Hallie Street on 15.06.2010, edited by Priscilla Vazquez and Matthew Carrano

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Actinopteri
 Semionotiformes - Semionotidae
Sargodon tomicus1 Plieninger 1847
Osteichthyes
 Palaeonisciformes - Palaeoniscidae
"Gyrolepis albertii" = Gyrolepis albertii, "Gyrolepis tenuistriatus" = Gyrolepis albertii
"Gyrolepis albertii" = Gyrolepis albertii Agassiz 1834
"Gyrolepis tenuistriatus" = Gyrolepis albertii Agassiz 1834
 Dipnoi - Ceratodontidae
Ceratodus altus3 Agassiz 1838 lungfish
teeth
Reptilia
 Ichthyosauria - Ichthyosauridae
Ichthyosaurus sp. Koenig 1818 ichthyosaur
femur
 Diapsida -
Rysosteus sp.2 Owen 1842 diapsid
 Plesiosauria -
Plesiosaurus sp. de la Beche and Conybeare 1821 plesiosaur
vertebrae
Osteichthyes
 Saurichthyiformes - Saurichthyidae
Saurichthys apicalis Agassiz 1834 ray-finned fish
teeth
Chondrichthyes
 Synechodontiformes - Palaeospinacidae
Nemacanthus monilifer Agassiz 1836 elasmobranch
Nemacanthus filifer Agassiz 1836 elasmobranch
 Synechodontiformes -
"Hybodus minor" = Rhomphaiodon minor
"Hybodus minor" = Rhomphaiodon minor Agassiz 1837 elasmobranch
teeth
 Hybodontiformes - Polyacrodontidae
"Hybodus cloacinus" = Polyacrodus cloacinus1
"Hybodus cloacinus" = Polyacrodus cloacinus1 Quenstedt 1858 elasmobranch
 Hybodontiformes -
"Acrodus minimus" = Lissodus minimus
"Acrodus minimus" = Lissodus minimus Agassiz 1839 elasmobranch
teeth
Bivalvia
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Pullastra" sp.1 Sowerby 1826 venus clam