Family Schizasteridae Lambert 1905 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Schizasteridae

Alternative spelling: Schizasterinae

Full reference: J. Lambert. 1905. Notes sur quelques Echinides éocéniques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, I. Sciences, Médecine 17:129-164

Parent taxon: Paleopneustina according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Chiesa et al. 1995, Fischer 1966, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Jagt 2000, Smith 1995, Squires 1984 and Squires 1987

Sister taxa: Paleopneustidea, Periasteridae, Prenasteridae

Subtaxa: Abatus Agassizia Aguayoaster Brisaster Brisasterinae Caribbaster Diploporaster Faorina Hemifaorina Hemigymnia Kina Lambertona Linthia Moira Opissaster Parabrissus Peribrissus Prenaster Proraster Pseudobrissus Schizaster Schizopneustes Tripylus

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Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Japan (1 collection), Saudi Arabia (1), United States (4: Florida, Maryland, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: North Carolina)

• Pliocene of Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (2), Fiji (1), Italy (2), Japan (3), Mexico (2), Papua New Guinea (1), United States (3: California, Florida)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Argentina (2), Australia (6), Austria (4), Brazil (2), Chile (4), Costa Rica (1), Egypt (1), India (2), Indonesia (3), Italy (12), Japan (5), Madagascar (2), Malta (2), Mexico (1), Micronesia (1), New Zealand (11), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (2), Taiwan (2), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Papua New Guinea (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), Argentina (1), Australia (2), Germany (1), India (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (2), Mexico (2), New Zealand (2), the Russian Federation (1), Somalia (1), United States (26: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, Washington)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (1)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (2)

• Eocene of Argentina (1), Australia (1), Cuba (3), Egypt (7), France (1), Germany (1), Haiti (1), India (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Libya (4), Mexico (8), New Zealand (8), Niger (1), Panama (2), Taiwan (1), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (2), United States (52: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Mali (1)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Australia (1), Austria (2), Mali (3), the Netherlands (1), United States (20: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Mali (2)

• Cretaceous of Egypt (1), Oman (1), Spain (2), United States (43: Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, North Carolina, Texas)

Total: 314 collections including 373 occurrences

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