Taphrosphys sulcatus Leidy 1856 (sideneck turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Bothremydidae

Alternative combination: Platemys sulcatus

Synonyms: Amblypeza antellius Hay 1908, Prochonias longinuchus Cope 1870, Taphrosphys enodis Cope 1870, Taphrosphys leslianus Cope 1870, Taphrosphys longinuchus Cope 1870, Taphrosphys molops Cope 1870

Full reference: J. Leidy. 1856. Notice of remains of extinct turtles of New Jersey, collected by Prof. Cook, of the State Geological Survey, under the direction of Dr. W. Kitchell. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 8:301-327

Belongs to Taphrosphys according to E. S. Gaffney et al. 2006

See also Cope 1870, Gaffney 1975, Hay 1902, Hay 1908, Lapparent de Broin and Werner 1998, Leidy 1856, Leidy 1865 and Parham 2005

Sister taxa: Taphrosphys congolensis, Taphrosphys ippolitoi, Taphrosphys nodosus, Taphrosphys strenuus

Type specimens:

  • Taphrosphys sulcatus: AMNH 2522, a partial shell (fifth, sixth, and seventh left peripherals and left xiphiplastron). Its type locality is Tinton Falls (Greensand), which is in a Maastrichtian marine sandstone in the Hornerstown Formation of New Jersey.
  • Amblypeza antellius:
  • Prochonias longinuchus: AMNH 1125, a partial shell. Its type locality is David Haine's Marl Pit, Medford, which is in a Maastrichtian/Paleocene marine horizon in the Hornerstown Formation of New Jersey.
  • Taphrosphys enodis: Its type locality is Barnsboro "greensand" (Hornerstown), which is in a Maastrichtian marginal marine horizon in the Hornerstown Formation of New Jersey.
  • Taphrosphys leslianus: AMNH 1467, a partial shell. Its type locality is Hornerstown area (Hornerstown Fm.) (PROXY), which is in a Maastrichtian marginal marine marl in the Hornerstown Formation of New Jersey.
  • Taphrosphys molops: AMNH 1472, a partial shell (shell fragments). Its type locality is West Jersey Marl Company's Pit, Barnsboro, which is in a Maastrichtian terrestrial sandstone/marl in the New Egypt Formation of New Jersey.

Ecology: amphibious omnivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey collection)

• Cretaceous of United States (4: New Jersey)

Total: 5 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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