Family Ophidiidae Rafinesque 1810 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Ophidiiformes - Ophidiidae

Parent taxon: Ophidioidei according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Bannikov 2014, Carnevale et al. 2014, Frizzell and Dante 1965, Jordan 1963, Lin et al. 2017, Lin et al. 2017, Schwarzhans 2003 and Schwarzhans and Bratischko 2011

Sister taxon: Ophidioidae

Subtaxa: Aequalobythites Bassozetus Genypterus Hoplobrotuloides Lepophidium Neobythitinae Nolfophidion Ophidiidarum Ophidium voltianum Otophidium Sirembinae Sirembola

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore-parasite

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: Louisiana collection)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Jamaica (1)

• Miocene of Germany (1), Italy (3), Panama (7), Spain (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Hungary (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), France (6), Germany (1), Italy (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (8: Louisiana, Texas)

• Paleocene of Denmark (4), Ukraine (1)

• Cretaceous of United States (1: Maryland)

Total: 50 collections including 86 occurrences

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