Loxodonta africana Blumenbach 1797 (African elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Alternative combination: Elephas africanus

Synonym: Elephas capensis Cuvier 1798

Belongs to Loxodonta according to N. Rohland et al. 2010

See also Allen 1936, Rogaev et al. 2006 and Shoshani and Tassy 2005

Sister taxon: Loxodonta cyclotis

Subtaxa: Elephas capensis knochenhaueri Elephas capensis oxyotis

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Average measurements (in mm): femur diameter 86.7, humerus diameter 84.0, radius diameter 62.0, tibia diameter 79.1

Estimated body mass: 1.97 tons based on femur diameter, humerus diameter, and tibia diameter


• Quaternary of the Congo-Kinshasa (2 collections), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Egypt (1), Kenya (2), Libya (1), South Africa (13), Sudan (2), Tanzania (3)

Total: 25 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.