Nothosaurus giganteus Münster 1834 (diapsid)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Nothosauridae

Synonyms: Nothosaurus aduncidens Meyer 1855, Nothosaurus andriani Meyer 1839, Nothosaurus angnotiferus Meyer and Plieninger 1844, Nothosaurus angustifrons Meyer and Plieninger 1844, Nothosaurus baruthicus Geissler 1895, Nothosaurus chelydrops Fraas 1896, Opeosaurus suevicus Meyer 1847, Paranothosaurus amsleri Peyer 1939

Belongs to Nothosaurus according to O. Rieppel and R. Wild 1996

See also Fraas 1896, Lydekker 1889, Meyer 1855, Meyer and Plieninger 1844, Rieppel 1994 and Spangenberg 1898

Sister taxa: Conchiosaurus clavatus, Elmosaurus lelmensis, Kolposaurus dichthadius, Metriorhynchus priscus, Nothosaurus cristatus, Nothosaurus cymatosauroides, Nothosaurus edingerae, Nothosaurus haasi, Nothosaurus hecki, Nothosaurus ichthyospondylus, Nothosaurus jagisteus, Nothosaurus juvenilis, Nothosaurus marchicus, Nothosaurus mirabilis, Nothosaurus rostellatus, Nothosaurus schimperi, Nothosaurus tchernowi, Nothosaurus unexpectus, Nothosaurus venustus, Nothosaurus winkelhorsti, Nothosaurus winterswijkensis, Nothosaurus yangjuanensis, Nothosaurus youngi, Nothosaurus zhangi, Plesiosaurus speciosus, Simosaurus mougeoti

Type specimens:

  • Nothosaurus giganteus: BT uncatalogued, a partial skull (skull fragments). Its type locality is Oschenberg, near Laineck, which is in a Ladinian marine horizon in Germany.
  • Nothosaurus aduncidens: 4200, a partial skull (premaxillae). Its type locality is Upper Muschelkalk, Crailsheim, Baden-Württemberg, which is in a Ladinian shallow subtidal limestone in the Muschelkalk Formation of Germany.
  • Nothosaurus andriani: BT uncatalogued, a skull.
  • Nothosaurus angustifrons: SMNS 51972, a skull. Its type locality is Upper Muschelkalk, Crailsheim, Baden-Württemberg, which is in a Ladinian shallow subtidal limestone in the Muschelkalk Formation of Germany.
  • Nothosaurus baruthicus: SMF R-475, a skull.
  • Nothosaurus chelydrops: SMNS 7162.
  • Opeosaurus suevicus: SMNS 4141, a mandible. Its type locality is Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, which is in a Ladinian marine horizon in Germany.
  • Paranothosaurus amsleri:

Ecology:

Distribution:

• Triassic of Bulgaria (1 collection), Germany (26), Italy (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Spain (1)

Total: 30 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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