Spisula Gray 1837 (clam)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Mactridae

Alternative spelling: Mactra (Spisula)

Parent taxon: Mactridae according to H. Moths et al. 2010

See also Bohm 1926, Glenn 1904, Grant and Gale 1931, Lamprell and Whitehead 1992, Moore 1976, Olsson 1931, Olsson 1967, Packard 1916, Schneider et al. 2005, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1987, Vokes 1980, Ward 1992, Ward and Blackwelder 1987 and Wienrich 1999

Sister taxa: Darcinia, Darininae, Hemimactra, Leptomactra, Longimactra, Lutrariinae, Mactrinae, Mactromeris, Mactropsis, Mactrotoma, Mulinia, Pteroluter, Pteropsis, Rangia, Scissodesma, Simomactra, Tanysiphoninae, Willimactra, Zenatiinae, Gnathodon

Subtaxa: Mactra (Spisula) markleyensis Spisula (Austromactra) Spisula (Cymbophora) Spisula (Eomactra) Spisula (Notospisula) Spisula (Pseudocardium) Spisula (Ruellia) Spisula (Spisula) Spisula aequilateralis Spisula arcuata Spisula brombachensis Spisula callistaeformis Spisula capayana Spisula coalingensis Spisula compressa Spisula craspedota Spisula decisa Spisula elliptica Spisula hannibali Spisula jacksonensis Spisula lenticularis Spisula obtruncata Spisula paralis Spisula parilis Spisula praetenuis Spisula rappahannockensis Spisula semisulcata Spisula sisquocensis Spisula sookensis Spisula subcuneata Spisula subtruncata Spisula weaveri

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belgium (1 collection), Iceland (2), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Morocco (2), the Netherlands (5), New Zealand (1), Poland (6), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (21), United States (3: Florida, North Carolina)

• Blancan of United States (2: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Pliocene of Belgium (7), the Dominican Republic (1), Iceland (7), Italy (3), Japan (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (4), Panama (1), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (8), United States (14: California, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, Virginia)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (3: California)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Belgium (12), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (4), Germany (16), Italy (1), Japan (11), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (2), Panama (1), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (13), Spain (1), United States (68: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Oligocene of Japan (8), the Russian Federation (3), United States (32: Alaska, California, Florida, Mississippi, Washington)

• Eocene of Belgium (1), France (3), Japan (2), Nigeria (5), Peru (3), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (6), United States (152: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Venezuela (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of United States (1: California)

• Paleocene of Nigeria (1), the Russian Federation (2), United States (1: California)

Total: 460 collections including 540 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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