Balanus Da Costa 1778 (barnacle)

Thecostraca - Balanomorpha - Balanidae

Parent taxon: Balaninae according to B. K. K. Chan et al. 2021

See also Holmes 1860, Martin 1879, Martin 1904, McLaughlin et al. 2005, Ross and Newman 1967 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Elminius, Tamiosoma, Zulloa

Subtaxa: Balanus (Balanus) Balanus amaryllis Balanus amphitrite Balanus asteroides Balanus bloxhamensis Balanus calidus Balanus cantelli Balanus crenatus Balanus eburneus Balanus glandula Balanus gregarius Balanus halosydne Balanus humilis Balanus imitator Balanus improvisus Balanus leonensis Balanus multiseptatus Balanus niveus Balanus nubilus Balanus ochlockonensis Balanus ornatus Balanus polyporus Balanus reticulatus Balanus rostratus Balanus scutorum Balanus silverdalensis Balanus subalbidus Balanus trigonus Balanus vadaszi Balanus venustus

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (6 collections), Canada (15: British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec), Chile (10), Cuba (1), France (1), Greenland (27), Iceland (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), Mexico (14), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Norway (1), Panama (5), Peru (3), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (61: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Blancan of United States (3: California)

• Pliocene to Holocene of Chile (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Chile (5), Mexico (1)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Chile (10), Colombia (1), Ecuador (1), Holy See (Vatican City State) (1), Iceland (1), Indonesia (1), Mexico (3), Pakistan (1), Spain (2), United States (23: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1), Chile (1), United States (3: Alaska, California)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Argentina (3), Belgium (1), Brazil (2), Cape Verde (1), Chile (14), Costa Rica (1), Egypt (1), Fiji (2), France (1), Haiti (3), Indonesia (2), Japan (6), Malta (1), Mexico (3), Morocco (3), New Zealand (3), Poland (1), Portugal (2), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Taiwan (1), United States (57: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Oligocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (3: California, Florida)

• Oligocene of Germany (2), Japan (6), Oman (1), Slovenia (1), United States (10: California, North Carolina, South Carolina, Washington)

• Eocene of Indonesia (1), Namibia (1), Nigeria (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (5: Alabama, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene to Oligocene of Belize (2)

• Jurassic of Canada (1: British Columbia)

Total: 370 collections including 427 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.